David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Topoi 4 (2):181-186 (1985)
The Enlightenment regarded language as one of the most significant achievements of man. Consequently inquiries into the origin and development of language play a central role in eighteenth-century moral philosophy. This new science of man consciously adopts the method of analysis and synthesis used in the natural sciences of the time. In moral philosophy, analysis corresponds to the search for the basic principles of human nature. Synthesis is identified with the attempt to interpret all artificial achievements of man (arts, sciences and institutions) as the effect of these principles and of man's physical and social environment - an attempt known as theoretical history. The type of explanation envisaged by theoretical historians is based on the principle of causality. It consists in a genetic reconstruction of the social phenomenon under investigation. Inquiries into the origin of language follow this pattern of explanation. They form part of theoretical history and thus represent a major aspect of the eighteenth-century scientific study of man.
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References found in this work BETA
R. G. Collingwood (1993). The Idea of History. Oxford University Press.
David Hume (2000). A Treatise of Human Nature: Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning Into Moral Subjects. OUP Oxford.
Hans Aarsleff (1982). From Locke to Saussure Essays on the Study of Language and Intellectual History. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Thomas Hobbes (1651). Leviathan, or, the Matter, Forme, & Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civill.
R. G. Collingwood (1945/1986). The Idea of Nature. Greenwood Press.
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