The Role of Dimensions in the Syntax of Noun Phrases
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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In the formation of extended noun phrases, expressions are used that describe some dimension. Weight is described by each of the prenominal expressions in heavy rock, too much ballast, 2 lb rock, 2 lbs of rocks. The central claim of this paper is that the position of these types of expressions within the noun phrase limits the kinds of dimensions they may describe. The limitations have to do with whether or not the dimension tracks relevant part-whole relations. An analogy is made between these constraints and the well-known constraints on thematic relations that are incurred by the position of a noun phrase in a clause. A proposal is made about the meanings of expressions like too much and 2 pounds which explains their common cross-categorial distribution and this informs the analysis of their use in noun phrases. A position is taken on the meaning of the count mass distinction which, in conjunction with the hypothesis about dimensions, explains asymmetries in the distribution of prenominal adjectives with count and mass nouns.
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Marcin Morzycki (2009). Degree Modification of Gradable Nouns: Size Adjectives and Adnominal Degree Morphemes. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 17 (2):175-203.
Galit Weidman Sassoon (2010). Measurement Theory in Linguistics. Synthese 174 (1):151 - 180.
Jessica Rett (2011). Exclamatives, Degrees and Speech Acts. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (5):411-442.
Alexis Wellwood (2015). On the Semantics of Comparison Across Categories. Linguistics and Philosophy 38 (1):67-101.
Heather Burnett (2015). Comparison Across Domains in Delineation Semantics. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 24 (3):233-265.
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