The risk that neurogenetic approaches may inflate the psychiatric concept of disease and how to cope with it
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Poiesis and Praxis 6 (1-2):79-91 (2008)
Currently, there is a growing interest in combining genetic information with physiological data measured by functional neuroimaging to investigate the underpinnings of psychiatric disorders. The first part of this paper describes this trend and provides some reflections on its chances and limitations. In the second part, a thought experiment using a commonsense definition of psychiatric disorders is invoked in order to show how information from this kind of research could be used and potentially abused to invent new mental illnesses. It is then argued why an inference to the best explanation could provide an antidote to such attempts. The conclusion emphasises why normative criteria, such as those used to define disorders, cannot be derived from descriptive empirical results alone. While the etiology of some psychiatric diseases may be purely organic, there are many other cases where the psychiatric symptoms and the associated genotypes and phenotypes have an essentially and irreducibly external meaning that is derived from social and political factors. A limited perspective on the genes and brain of man carries the risk that psychiatry may increasingly treat the effects of other domains, although social and political solutions would be more appropriate
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Jaegwon Kim (2005). Physicalism, or Something Near Enough. Princeton University Press.
Kenneth A. Norman, Sean M. Polyn, Greg J. Detre & James V. Haxby (2006). Beyond Mind-Reading: Multi-Voxel Pattern Analysis of fMRI Data. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (9):424-430.
Anjan Chatterjee (2006). The Promise and Predicament of Cosmetic Neurology. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (2):110-113.
Thomas Bartelborth (1996). Begründungsstrategien: Ein Weg Durch Die Analytische Erkenntnistheorie. De Gruyter.
Danielle C. Turner & Barbara J. Sahakian (2006). Neuroethics of Cognitive Enhancement. Philosophical Explorations 1 (1):113--123.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Lisa Bortolotti & Heather Widdows (2011). The Right Not to Know: The Case of Psychiatric Disorders. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (11):673-676.
Marion Godman (2013). Psychiatric Disorders Qua Natural Kinds: The Case of the “Apathetic Children”. Biological Theory 7 (2):144-152.
Joseph Polimeni (2006). Mental Disorders Are Not a Homogeneous Construct. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):418-419.
Martin Brüne (2006). Evolutionary Psychiatry is Dead – Long Liveth Evolutionary Psychopathology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):408-408.
Matthew Broome & Lisa Bortolotti (2009). Mental Illness as Mental: A Defence of Psychological Realism. Humana.Mente 11:25-44.
Akio Sakai (1991). Psychoactive Drug Prescribing in Japan: Epistemological and Bioethical Considerations. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (2):139-153.
Dan J. Stein (1999). Cognitive and Psychiatric Science Beyond Determinism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):906-907.
Mark Sprevak (forthcoming). Commentary on 'Conceptual Challenges in the Neuroimaging of Psychiatric Disorders'. Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology.
Lisa J. Burklund & Matthew D. Lieberman (2012). Advances in Functional Neuroimaging of Psychopathology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (4):333-337.
John Z. Sadler (2005). Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis. Oxford University Press.
Lara Huber (2008). Imaging the Brain: Visualising “Pathological Entities”? Searching for Reliable Protocols Within Psychiatry and Their Impact on the Understanding of Psychiatric Diseases. [REVIEW] Poiesis and Praxis 6 (1-2):27-41.
Nick Haslam (2002). Kinds of Kinds: A Conceptual Taxonomy of Psychiatric Categories. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (3):203-217.
Jonathan Y. Tsou (2008). The Reality and Classification of Mental Disorders. Dissertation, University of Chicago
Jennifer Radden (2010). The Virtuous Psychiatrist: Character Ethics in Psychiatric Practice. Oxford University Press.
Abraham Rudnick (2013). What is a Psychiatric Disability? Health Care Analysis (2):1-9.
Added to index2010-09-02
Total downloads10 ( #227,548 of 1,724,878 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,126 of 1,724,878 )
How can I increase my downloads?