David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Experimental Child Psychology (forthcoming)
Human social life is structured by social norms creating both obligations and entitlements. Recent research has found that young children enforce simple obligations against norm violators by protesting. It is not known, however, whether they understand entitlements in the sense that they will actively object to a second party attempting to interfere in something that a third party is entitled to do — what we call counter-protest. In two studies, we found that 3-year-old children understand when a person is entitled to do something, and so they actively defend this person’s entitlement against unjustified interference from second parties. In some cases, they even enforce second-order entitlements, for example, in the case of ownership where an owner is entitled to entitle others to use the owner’s property.
|Keywords||Entitlement Rights Normativity Social norms Morality|
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Johannes L. Brandl, Frank Esken, Beate Priewasser & Eva Rafetseder (2015). Young Children’s Protest: What It Can Tell Us About Early Normative Understanding. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):719-740.
Julia W. Van de Vondervoort & Ori Friedman (2015). Parallels in Preschoolers' and Adults' Judgments About Ownership Rights and Bodily Rights. Cognitive Science 39 (1):184-198.
Philippe Rochat, Erin Robbins, Claudia Passos-Ferreira, Angela Donato Oliva, Maria D. G. Dias & Liping Guo (2014). Ownership Reasoning in Children Across Cultures. Cognition 132 (3):471-484.
Christina Starmans & Ori Friedman (2016). If I Am Free, You Can’T Own Me: Autonomy Makes Entities Less Ownable. Cognition 148:145-153.
Joachim De Beule (2014). Sketch for a Theory of Evolution Based on Coding. Biosemiotics 7 (2):181-201.
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