David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Review of Metaphysics 62 (3):491-523 (2009)
This paper contends that the natural law theory of Saint Thomas Aquinas has been inappropriately removed from its foundation in the classical philosophical traditions of Cicero and Aristotle. Critics charge that because it refers to the eternal law, and hence divine revelation, St. Thomas’s natural law theory is not “natural.” The author in reply demonstrates the Ciceronian and Aristotelian—and therefore pagan, naturalist—roots of the Thomistic theory. St. Thomas’s discussion of natural law in the Summa mirrors Cicero’s attempted derivation of natural law from “a rational encounter with objective reality.” Further, St. Thomas’s Summa includes demonstrations that God is the Cause of all objective reality. This truth does not however deny the “naturalness” of human rational consideration of reality, but rather shows that humans internally apprehend an external order which owes its reality to the First Cause of all being. Human reason and natural law thereby necessarily involve a participation in the eternal law. The author concludes that attempts to dissociate Thomistic natural law theory from its Ciceronian and Aristotelian roots lessen the force and persuasive power of the former. The proper approach involves, not an abandonment of the traditional theory, but its further development and its application to present issues
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Craig A. Boyd (2005). Participation Metaphysics in Aquinas's Theory of Natural Law. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 79 (3):431-445.
C. Fred Alford (2010). Narrative, Nature, and the Natural Law: From Aquinas to International Human Rights. Palgrave Macmillan.
Anthony J. Lisska (1996). Aquinas's Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstrution. Oxford University Press.
David VanDrunen (2006). Medieval Natural Law and the Reformation. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 80 (1):77-98.
Owen J. Anderson (2012). The Natural Moral Law: The Good After Modernity. Cambridge University Press.
Henrik Syse (2007). Natural Law, Religion, and Rights: An Exploration of the Relationship Between Natural Law and Natural Rights, with Special Emphasis on the Teachings of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. St. Augustine's Press.
Michael P. Levine (1986). The Role of Reason in the Ethics of Maimonides: Or, Why Maimonides Could Have Had a Doctrine of Natural Law Even If He Did Not. Journal of Religious Ethics 14 (2):279 - 295.
Daniel Chernilo (2013). The Natural Law Foundations of Modern Social Theory: A Quest for Universalism. Cambridge University Press.
Janet E. Smith (2001). Reclaiming or Rewriting the Tradition? American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 75 (4):585-595.
John Peterson (1999). Natural Law, End, And Virtue In Aquinas. Journal of Philosophical Research 24:397-413.
Added to index2012-03-18
Total downloads15 ( #109,614 of 1,102,742 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #120,386 of 1,102,742 )
How can I increase my downloads?