David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy 76 (298):491-514 (2001)
The problem of free will arises because of the conflict between two inconsistent impulses, the experience of freedom and the conviction of determinism. Perhaps we can resolve these by examining neurobiological correlates of the experience of freedom. If free will is not to be an illusion, it must have a corresponding neurobiological reality. An explanation of this issue leads us to an account of rationality and the self, as well as how consciousness can move bodies at all. I explore two hypotheses. On the first, freedom is a complete illusion. On the second, it is not an illusion, and there is a corresponding indeterminism at the neurobiological level. This can only occur if there is in fact a quantum mechanical element in the fundamental neurobiology of consciousness.
|Keywords||Belief Free Will Neurobiology Philosophy Science|
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Friederike Schüür & Patrick Haggard (2011). What Are Self-Generated Actions? Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1697-1704.
Stewart C. Goetz (2005). Frankfurt-Style Counterexamples and Begging the Question. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 29 (1):83-105.
Stanley Klein (2002). Libet's Research on the Timing of Conscious Intention to Act: A Commentary. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):273-279.
Stanley Klein (2002). Libet's Timing of Mental Events: Commentary on the Commentaries. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):326-333.
Daniel A. Levy (2003). Neural Holism and Free Will. Philosophical Psychology 16 (2):205-228.
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