Minds, brains and programs

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):417-57 (1980)
What psychological and philosophical significance should we attach to recent efforts at computer simulations of human cognitive capacities? In answering this question, I find it useful to distinguish what I will call "strong" AI from "weak" or "cautious" AI (artificial intelligence). According to weak AI, the principal value of the computer in the study of the mind is that it gives us a very powerful tool. For example, it enables us to formulate and <span class='Hi'>test</span> hypotheses in a more rigorous and precise fashion. But according to strong AI, the computer is not merely a tool in the study of the mind; rather, the appropriately programmed computer really is a mind, in the sense that computers given the right programs can be literally said to..
Keywords Artificial Intelligence  Brain  Mind  Program
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DOI 10.1017/S0140525X00005756
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Paul Smolensky (1988). On the Proper Treatment of Connectionism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):1-23.
Howard Rachlin (1985). Pain and Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):43-83.

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