Minds, brains and programs

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):417-57 (1980)
Abstract
What psychological and philosophical significance should we attach to recent efforts at computer simulations of human cognitive capacities? In answering this question, I find it useful to distinguish what I will call "strong" AI from "weak" or "cautious" AI. According to weak AI, the principal value of the computer in the study of the mind is that it gives us a very powerful tool. For example, it enables us to formulate and test hypotheses in a more rigorous and precise fashion. But according to strong AI, the computer is not merely a tool in the study of the mind; rather, the appropriately programmed computer really is a mind, in the sense that computers given the right programs can be literally said to.
Keywords Artificial Intelligence  Brain  Mind  Program
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DOI 10.1017/S0140525X00005756
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Paul Smolensky (1988). On the Proper Treatment of Connectionism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):1-23.
Howard Rachlin (1985). Pain and Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):43-83.

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