David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Explorations 4 (2):66 – 94 (2001)
John Searle's forthcoming book 'Rationality in Action' presents a sophisticated and innovative account of the rationality of action. In the book Searle argues against what he calls the classical model of rationality. In the debate that follows Barry Smith challenges some implications of Searle's account. In particular, Smith suggests that Searle's distinction between observer-relative and observer-independent facts of the world is ill suited to accommodate moral concepts. Leo Zaibert takes on Searle's notion of the gap. The gap exists between the reasons that we have for acting and our actions. According to Searle, whenever there is no gap, our actions exhibit irrationality. Zaibert points out a certain obscurity in Searle's treatment of the gap, particularly in connection with Searle's notion of 'recognitional rationality'. Finally, Josef Moural examines the interactions between Searle's theory of institutions and his theory of rationality, with emphasis on the connections between intentionality and Searle's notion of the 'background'.
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References found in this work BETA
John R. Searle (1983). Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge University Press.
John R. Searle (1969). Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press.
David Hume (1739/2000). A Treatise of Human Nature. Oxford University Press.
John R. Searle (1964). How to Derive "Ought" From "Is". Philosophical Review 73 (1):43-58.
Citations of this work BETA
Niko Kolodny (2008). The Myth of Practical Consistency. European Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):366-402.
Jonathan Way (2015). Reasons as Premises of Good Reasoning. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (3).
Masahiro Yamada (2010). Rule Following: A Pedestrian Approach. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (2):283-311.
Niko Kolodny (2007). How Does Coherence Matter? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 107 (1pt3):229 - 263.
Joshua Shepherd (2013). The Apparent Illusion of Conscious Deciding. Philosophical Explorations 16 (1):18 - 30.
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Barry Smith (ed.) (2003). John Searle. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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David Cunning (1999). Agency and Consciousness. Synthese 120 (2):271-294.
Alex Viskovatoff (2002). Searle's Background: Comments on Runde and Faulkner. Journal of Economic Methodology 9 (1):65-80.
Tomis Kapitan (2007). The Phenomenology of Freedom. Journal of Mind and Behavior 28 (3/4):189.
Arthur R. Miller (1981). Ii. Intentions and Conditions of Satisfaction. Inquiry 24 (1):115 – 121.
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