David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 7 (1):85-102 (1998)
The mere exposure effect is the increase in positive affect that results from the repeated exposure to previously novel stimuli. We sought to determine if judgments other than affective preference could reliably produce a mere exposure effect for two-dimensional random shapes. In two experiments, we found that brighter and darker judgments did not differentiate target from distracter shapes, liking judgments led to target selection greater than chance, and disliking judgments led to distracter selection greater than chance. These results for brighter, darker, and liking judgments were obtained regardless of whether shape recognition was greater (Experiment 1) or not greater (Experiment 2) than chance. Effects of prior exposure to novel shapes were reliably observed only for affective judgment tasks. These results are inconsistent with general predictions made by the nonspecific activation hypothesis, but not the affective primacy or perceptual fluency hypotheses which were discussed in terms of cognitive neuroscience research.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Mark Rotteveel & R. Hans Phaf (2007). Mere Exposure in Reverse: Mood and Motion Modulate Memory Bias. Cognition and Emotion 21 (6):1323-1346.
Charlotte Vo Witvliet & Scott R. Vrana (2007). Play It Again Sam: Repeated Exposure to Emotionally Evocative Music Polarises Liking and Smiling Responses, and Influences Other Affective Reports, Facial EMG, and Heart Rate. Cognition and Emotion 21 (1):3-25.
Similar books and articles
Dean Pettit & Joshua Knobe (2009). The Pervasive Impact of Moral Judgment. Mind and Language 24 (5):586-604.
Rolf Reber & Norbert Schwarz (2001). The Hot Fringes of Consciousness: Perceptual Fluency and Affect. Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):223-231.
Joshua Knobe, Adam Cohen & Alan Leslie (2006). Acting Intentionally and the Side-Effect Effect: 'Theory of Mind' and Moral Judgment. Psychological Science 17:421-427.
Piotr Winkielman & Andrzej Nowak (2005). Dynamics of Cognition-Emotion Interface: Coherence Breeds Familiarity and Liking, and Does It Fast. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):222-223.
D. Zizak (2004). Implicit Preferences: The Role(s) of Familiarity in the Structural Mere Exposure Effect. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):336-362.
S. WillemS & M. Vanderlinden (2006). Mere Exposure Effect: A Consequence of Direct and Indirect Fluency–Preference Links☆. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):323-341.
Robert F. Bornstein (2002). Consciousness Organizes More Than Itself: Findings From Subliminal Mere Exposure Research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):332-333.
William A. Weeks, Justin G. Longenecker, Joseph A. McKinney & Carlos W. Moore (2005). The Role of Mere Exposure Effect on Ethical Tolerance: A Two-Study Approach. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 58 (4):281 - 294.
Jennifer Culbertson & Steven Gross (2009). Are Linguists Better Subjects? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (4):721-736.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads8 ( #163,493 of 1,096,562 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #68,895 of 1,096,562 )
How can I increase my downloads?