The appearance of Kant's deontology in contemporary Kantianism: Concepts of patient autonomy in bioethics
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (1):43 – 66 (1999)
Kant's concept of autonomy and the Kantian notion of autonomy are often conflated in bioethics. However, the contemporary Kantian notion has very little at all to do with Kant's original. In order to further bioethics discourse on autonomy, I critically distinguish the contemporary Kantian notion from Kant's original concept of moral autonomy. I then evaluate the practical relevance of both concepts of autonomy for use in bioethics. I argue that it is not appropriate to appeal to either concept toward assessing which patients we ought to respect as autonomous. Finally, I sketch criteria for what I take to be a more promising concept of autonomy for patients.
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R. L. Walker (2008). Medical Ethics Needs a New View of Autonomy. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (6):594-608.
J. Rossi & M. Yudell (2012). The Use of Persuasion in Public Health Communication: An Ethical Critique. Public Health Ethics 5 (2):192-205.
Jukka Varelius (2007). Execution by Lethal Injection, Euthanasia, Organ-Donation and the Proper Goals of Medicine. Bioethics 21 (3):140–149.
C. Brown (2008). Kant and Therapeutic Privilege. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (4):321-336.
Norman K. Swazo (2010). “Just One Animal Among Many?” Existential Phenomenology, Ethics, and Stem Cell Research. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (3):197-224.
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