David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Kriterion 25 (1):40-52 (2011)
According to the incentives argument, inequalities in material goods are justifiable if they are to the benefit of the worst off members of society. In this paper, I point out what is easily overlooked, namely that inequalities are justifiable only if they are to the overall benefit of the worst off, that is, in terms of both material and social goods. I then address the question how gains in material goods can be weighed against probable losses in social goods. The ultimate criterion, so my idea, is how these gains and losses affect a person’s ability to reach her goals in life. Based on the idea that goals in life cannot be taken as given, I conclude that the absolute material gains are negligible compared to the losses of social goods and the disadvantage in the relative position caused by material inequalities.
|Keywords||inequality egalitarianism Rawls distributive justice incentives argument difference principle|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2008). Inequality, Incentives and the Interpersonal Test. Ratio 21 (4):421-439.
Michele Loi (2012). Germ-Line Enhancements and Rough Equality. Ethical Perspectives 19 (1):55-82.
Andrew Williams (2008). Justice, Incentives and Constructivism. Ratio 21 (4):476-493.
Alan Thomas (2011). Cohen's Critique of Rawls: A Double Counting Objection. Mind 120 (480):1099-1141.
Speranta Dumitru (2008). Are Rawlsians Entitled to Monopoly Rights? In A. Gosseries, A. Marciano & A. Strowel (eds.), Intelectual Property and Theories of Justice. Palgrave-MacMilan.
Christian Schemmel (2011). Why Relational Egalitarians Should Care About Distributions. Social Theory and Practice 37 (3):365-390.
Ian Hunt (2011). How Egalitarian is Rawls's Theory of Justice? Philosophical Papers 39 (2):155-181.
Allan Gibbard (1979). Disparate Goods and Rawls' Difference Principle: A Social Choice Theoretic Treatment. Theory and Decision 11 (3):267.
Rekha Nath (2011). Equal Standing in the Global Community. The Monist 94 (4):593-614.
Richard J. Arneson (1999). Against Rawlsian Equality of Opportunity. Philosophical Studies 93 (1):77-112.
Ryan Long (2011). The Incompleteness of Luck Egalitarianism. Social Philosophy Today 27:87-96.
Daniel Read (2005). Monetary Incentives, What Are They Good For? Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2):265-276.
Jan Narveson (2010). Cohens Rescue. Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):263-334.
Added to index2011-06-21
Total downloads89 ( #16,724 of 1,413,175 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #30,243 of 1,413,175 )
How can I increase my downloads?