Facing Ethical Challenges in the Workplace: Conceptualizing and Measuring Professional Moral Courage [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):565 - 579 (2009)
Scholars have shown renewed interest in the construct of courage. Recent studies have explored its theoretical underpinnings and measurement. Yet courage is generally discussed in its broad form to include physical, psychological, and moral features. To understand a more practical form of moral courage, research is needed to uncover how ethical challenges are effectively managed in organizational settings. We argue that professional moral courage (PMC) is a managerial competency. To describe it and derive items for scale development, we studied managers in the U.S. military and examined prior work on moral courage. Two methods were used to measure PMC producing a five dimensional scale that organized under a single second-order factor, which we termed overall PMC. The five dimensions are moral agency, multiple values, endurance of threats, going beyond compliance, and moral goals. Convergent and discriminant validity are analyzed by use of confirmatory factor analysis procedures. We conclude by presenting a framework for proactive organizational ethics, which reflects how to support PMC as a management practice
|Keywords||moral decision-making positive organizational scholarship professional moral courage proactive organizational ethics positive ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Robert Jackall (1988). Moral Mazes: The World of Corporate Managers. Oxford University Press.
Milton Rokeach (1973). The Nature of Human Values. New York,Free Press.
William James (1979). The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy. Harvard University Press.
G. R. Weaver & L. K. Treviño (1999). Attitudinal and Behavioral Outcomes of Corporate Ethics Programs: An Empirical Study of the Impact of Compliance and Values-Oriented Approaches. Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (2):315-335.
Jason Stansbury & Bruce Barry (2007). Ethics Programs and The Paradox of Control. Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (2):239-261.
Citations of this work BETA
Rafael Morales‐Sánchez & Carmen Cabello‐Medina (2015). Integrating Character in Management: Virtues, Character Strengths, and Competencies. Business Ethics: A European Review 24 (S2):156-174.
Larry A. Floyd, Feng Xu, Ryan Atkins & Cam Caldwell (2013). Ethical Outcomes and Business Ethics: Toward Improving Business Ethics Education. Journal of Business Ethics 117 (4):753-776.
Leslie E. Sekerka, Debra R. Comer & Lindsey N. Godwin (2013). Positive Organizational Ethics: Cultivating and Sustaining Moral Performance. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 119 (4):1-10.
Brian G. Whitaker & Lindsey N. Godwin (2013). The Antecedents of Moral Imagination in the Workplace: A Social Cognitive Theory Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 114 (1):61-73.
Rafael Morales-Sánchez & Carmen Cabello-Medina (2013). The Role of Four Universal Moral Competencies in Ethical Decision-Making. Journal of Business Ethics 116 (4):717-734.
Similar books and articles
Linda R. Rabieh (2006). Plato and the Virtue of Courage. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Leslie Sekerka & Roxanne Zolin (2005). Professional Courage in the Military: Regulation Fit and Establishing Moral Intent. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 24 (4):27-50.
Michael J. Naughton & Jeffrey R. Cornwall (2006). The Virtue of Courage in Entrepreneurship. Business Ethics Quarterly 16 (1):69-93.
Per Bauhn (2007). Two Concepts of Courage. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:65-68.
Per Bauhn (2003). The Value of Courage. Nordic Academic Press.
Leslie E. Sekerka & Richard P. Bagozzi (2007). Moral Courage in the Workplace: Moving to and From the Desire and Decision to Act. Business Ethics 16 (2):132–149.
Xinyan Jiang (2007). Courage and Self-Control. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:59-64.
Sean T. Hannah, Bruce J. Avolio & Fred O. Walumbwa (2011). Relationships Between Authentic Leadership, Moral Courage, and Ethical and Pro-Social Behaviors. Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (4):555-578.
Richard Avramenko (2011). Courage: The Politics of Life and Limb. University of Notre Dame Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads43 ( #77,341 of 1,725,297 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #93,180 of 1,725,297 )
How can I increase my downloads?