Facing Ethical Challenges in the Workplace: Conceptualizing and Measuring Professional Moral Courage [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):565 - 579 (2009)
Scholars have shown renewed interest in the construct of courage. Recent studies have explored its theoretical underpinnings and measurement. Yet courage is generally discussed in its broad form to include physical, psychological, and moral features. To understand a more practical form of moral courage, research is needed to uncover how ethical challenges are effectively managed in organizational settings. We argue that professional moral courage (PMC) is a managerial competency. To describe it and derive items for scale development, we studied managers in the U.S. military and examined prior work on moral courage. Two methods were used to measure PMC producing a five dimensional scale that organized under a single second-order factor, which we termed overall PMC. The five dimensions are moral agency, multiple values, endurance of threats, going beyond compliance, and moral goals. Convergent and discriminant validity are analyzed by use of confirmatory factor analysis procedures. We conclude by presenting a framework for proactive organizational ethics, which reflects how to support PMC as a management practice
|Keywords||moral decision-making positive organizational scholarship professional moral courage proactive organizational ethics positive ethics|
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References found in this work BETA
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Citations of this work BETA
Larry A. Floyd, Feng Xu, Ryan Atkins & Cam Caldwell (2013). Ethical Outcomes and Business Ethics: Toward Improving Business Ethics Education. Journal of Business Ethics 117 (4):753-776.
Robert W. Kolodinsky (2012). Debra R. Comer and Gina Vega (Eds.): Moral Courage in Organizations: Doing the Right Thing at Work. Journal of Business Ethics 107 (4):547-550.
Michelle Harbour & Veronika Kisfalvi (2014). In the Eye of the Beholder: An Exploration of Managerial Courage. Journal of Business Ethics 119 (4):493-515.
Rafael Morales-Sánchez & Carmen Cabello-Medina (2013). The Role of Four Universal Moral Competencies in Ethical Decision-Making. Journal of Business Ethics 116 (4):717-734.
Joerg Dietz & Emmanuelle P. Kleinlogel (2013). Wage Cuts and Managers' Empathy: How a Positive Emotion Can Contribute to Positive Organizational Ethics in Difficult Times. Journal of Business Ethics 119 (4):1-12.
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