David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (3) (1985)
The most important distinction in value theory is the subjective-objective distinction which determines the epistemological status of value judgments about medical intervention. Ethical decisions in medical intervention presuppose one of three structures of justification — namely, an inductive approach, a deductive approach which can be either consequentialist or non-consequentialist, and a uniquely ethical approach. Inductivism and deductivism have been discussed extensively in the literature and are only briefly described here. The uniquely ethical approach which presupposes value objectivism is analyzed in detail. This method involves a purely ethical inference which moves from facts to values directly with an emphasis on reason which involves a non-logical justification (as opposed to illogical). It involves the use of natural practical arguments which have an imperative conclusion but no imperative premise and exhibit a value-requiredness between two states of affairs.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Fred Van Dyke (2005). Teaching Ethical Analysis in Environmental Management Decisions: A Process-Oriented Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):659-669.
Fred Dyke (2005). Teaching Ethical Analysis in Environmental Management Decisions: A Process-Oriented Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):659-669.
N. Athanassoulis & A. Ross (2010). A Virtue Ethical Account of Making Decisions About Risk. Journal of Risk Research 13 (2):217.
Donnie J. Self (1983). A Study of the Foundations of Ethical Decision-Making of Physicians. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (1).
Carol Taylor (1990). Ethics in Health Care and Medical Technologies. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (2).
Laura Weiss Roberts, Teddy D. Warner, Laura B. Dunn, Janet L. Brody, Katherine Green Hammond & Brian B. Roberts (2007). Shaping Medical Students' Attitudes Toward Ethically Important Aspects of Clinical Research: Results of a Randomized, Controlled Educational Intervention. Ethics and Behavior 17 (1):19 – 50.
Ellen-Marie Forsberg (2007). Value Pluralism and Coherentist Justification of Ethical Advice. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (1):81-97.
Steven P. Lee (2010). Humanitarian Intervention - Eight Theories. Diametros 23:22-43.
Jane Duran (1994). Justification À la Mode and Justification Simpliciter. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 24 (2):178-191.
Eric A. Heinze (2005). Commonsense Morality and the Consequentialist Ethics of Humanitarian Intervention. Journal of Military Ethics 4 (3):168-182.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads5 ( #377,318 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #289,836 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?