David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (1) (1983)
A study of physicians and medical students was conducted to determine the various philosophical positions they hold with respect to ethical decision-making in medicine and their epistemological presuppositions in relationship to the subjective-objective controversy in value theory. The study revealed that most physicians and medical students tend to be objectivists in value theory, i.e., believe that value judgements are knowledge claims capable of being true or false and are expressions of moral requirements and normative imperatives emanating from an external value structure or moral order in the world, but that most physicians and medical students are inconsistent in the philosophical foundations of their medical ethical decision-making, i.e., in decision-making regarding values they tend to hold beliefs which are incompatible with other beliefs they hold about values. The study also revealed that most physicians and medical students think more emphasis should be placed upon medical ethics in medical education.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Rosa Lynn Pinkus (1981). Medical Foundations of Various Approaches to Medical-Ethical Decision-Making. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (3):295-308.
D. C. Malloy, J. Williams, T. Hadjistavropoulos, B. Krishnan, M. Jeyaraj, E. F. McCarthy, M. Murakami, S. Paholpak, J. Mafukidze & B. Hillis (2008). Ethical Decision-Making About Older Adults and Moral Intensity: An International Study of Physicians. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):285-296.
David Fritzsche & E. Oz (2007). Personal Values' Influence on the Ethical Dimension of Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):335 - 343.
Greg Clarke, Robert T. Hall & Greg Rosencrance (2004). Physician-Patient Relations: No More Models. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):16 – 19.
Philip Charles Hebert (2009/2008). Doing Right: A Practical Guide to Ethics for Medical Trainees and Physicians. Oxford University Press.
William Wong, Arnold R. Eiser, Robert G. Mrtek & Paul S. Heckerling (2004). By-Person Factor Analysis in Clinical Ethical Decision Making: Q Methodology in End-of-Life Care Decisions. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):W8-W22.
Erich H. Loewy (1987). The Uncertainty of Certainty in Clinical Ethics. Journal of Medical Humanities and Bioethics 8 (1):26-33.
Stephen G. Pauker (1984). Decision Analysis as a Basis for Medical Decision Making: The Tree of Hippocrates. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (2):181-214.
Donnie J. Self (1987). A Study of the Foundations of Ethical Decision-Making of Nurses. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 8 (1).
Donnie J. Self & Joy D. Skeel (1991). A Study of the Foundations of Ethical Decision Making of Clinical Medical Ethicists. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (2).
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #154,226 of 1,102,030 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #91,864 of 1,102,030 )
How can I increase my downloads?