David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Bioethics 22 (9):457-465 (2008)
Securitization of infectious diseases may involve suspension of ordinary human rights and liberties. In the event of an epidemic, therefore, it is important to limit the occasions upon which draconian disease control measures are implemented in the name of security. The term 'security', moreover, should not be used too loosely if it is to retain force and meaning in political discourse. It may be argued that the bar for disease securitization should be set high so that it is limited to contexts involving rapidly spreading pathogens. Such an approach, however, would rule out securitization of more slowly spreading, endemic diseases such as HIV/AIDS. An advantage of characterizing HIV/AIDS as a security threat in developing countries, where the burden of the disease is concentrated, is that this is likely to mobilize resources needed to improve the situation there. That is, if HIV/AIDS is convincingly framed as a security threat, then governments may recognize self-interested reasons to ramp up control measures. Following consideration of arguments for narrow (excluding HIV/AIDS) versus broad (including HIV/AIDS) conceptions of security, we conclude that the legitimacy of 'securitizing' HIV/AIDS ultimately turns on empirical and semantic issues, and we emphasize the importance of distinguishing (1) the nature of the threat posed by HIV/AIDS and (2) the measures required to address that threat.
|Keywords||HIV/AIDS infectious disease human rights ethics security|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
A. M. Viens & Jasper Littmann (2015). Is Antimicrobial Resistance a Slowly Emerging Disaster? Public Health Ethics 8 (3):255-265.
Similar books and articles
C. P. Bhunu, W. Garira & G. Magombedze (2009). Mathematical Analysis of a Two Strain Hiv/Aids Model with Antiretroviral Treatment. Acta Biotheoretica 57 (3):361-381.
Leslie Pickering Francis & John G. Francis (2012). Criminalizing Health-Related Behaviors Dangerous to Others? Disease Transmission, Transmission-Facilitation, and the Importance of Trust. Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (1):47-63.
A. Dhai (2008). Hiv and Aids in Africa: Social, Political, and Economic Realities. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (5):293-296.
Godfrey B. Tangwa (2002). The HIV/AIDS Pandemic, African Traditional Values and the Search for a Vaccine in Africa. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (2):217 – 230.
Albert Mosley (2004). Does Hiv or Poverty Cause Aids? Biomedical and Epidemiological Perspectives. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (5-6):399-421.
Joseph-Matthew Mfutso-Bengo, Eva-Maria Mfutso-Bengo & Francis Masiye (2008). Ethical Aspects of Hiv/Aids Prevention Strategies and Control in Malawi. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (5):349-356.
Joseph B. R. Gaie & Sana Mmolai (eds.) (2007). The Concept of Botho and Hiv&Aids in Botswana. Zapf Chancery.
Solomon R. Benatar (2002). The HIV/aIDS Pandemic: A Sign of Instability in a Complex Global System. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (2):163 – 177.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads26 ( #162,739 of 1,937,482 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #455,497 of 1,937,482 )
How can I increase my downloads?