David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6 (3):221-237 (2007)
This article discusses philosophical influence, especially the influence made by Confucianism and Daoism, on the way Asian people see and understand the world. Recently, Richard Nisbett drew a connection between Chinese philosophy (Confucianism and Daoism) and the cognitive profiles of the people who live in Asian countries where Confucianism and Daoism are strong social and cultural traditions. He argues that there is a peculiar way that Asians think and perceive things and this cognitive pattern is influenced by a group of principles derived from Chinese philosophy. This article critically analyzes Nisbett’s explanation, his emphasis on the principle of change in particular, and provides an alternative explanation of the connection between Chinese philosophy and cognitive peculiarities of Asians. Asians combine and integrate opposite viewpoints not because they believe that things change in all unexpected directions, but because they see the world as a big system with interrelated and mutually influencing components.
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References found in this work BETA
Richard E. Nisbett (2003). The Geography of Thought How Asians and Westerners Think Differently--And Why. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
G. S. Kirk, J. Raven & Malcom Schofield (1983). The Presocratic Philosophers: A Critical History with a Selection of Texts. Cambridge University Press.
Richard P. Bagozzi, Nancy Wong & Youjae Yi (1999). The Role of Culture and Gender in the Relationship Between Positive and Negative Affect. Cognition and Emotion 13 (6):641-672.
Mary Tiles & Yuan Jinmei (2004). Could the Aristotelian Square of Opposition Be Translated Into Chinese? Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 4 (1):137-149.
Kathleen Freeman & Hermann Diels (1966). Ancilla to the Pre-Scratic Philosophers a Complete Translation of the Fragment in Diels Fragmente der Vorsokratiker. Harvard Univ. Press.
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