David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Biology and Philosophy 8 (1):61-83 (1993)
At one level, this paper is a lament and a warning. I lament biologists borrowing well-known terms and then drastically and awkwardly changing their meanings, and I warn about the mischief this does. Biology''s public image is at stake, as is its general usefulness. At another level, I attempt to clarify the misnamed concepts, beyond what has been achieved in recent philosophical writings. This helps to account for the mischief, and to see how it might be avoidable. But the most important thing about the paper is that, at a third level, it is an argument against physicalism and materialism, especially those variants which deny the autonomy of organisms and the existence of intrinsic goods. Interpreting biology from the point of view of those denials leads to unsatisfactory and even bizarre results.
|Keywords||Fitness altruism selfishness propensities causation genetic determinism intrinsic values|
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References found in this work BETA
Charles Taylor (1989). Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity. Harvard University Press.
Karl R. Popper & John C. Eccles (1977). The Self and Its Brain: An Argument for Interactionism. Springer.
Karl R. Popper (1972). Objective Knowledge. Oxford,Clarendon Press.
Citations of this work BETA
David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober (1994). Reintroducing Group Selection to the Human Behavioral Sciences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):585.
Jeffry A. Simpson (1994). Adaptation and Natural Selection: A New Look at Some Old Ideas. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):634.
Jim Moore (1994). Hominids, Coalitions, and Weapons: Not Vehicles. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):632.
Kevin MacDonald (1994). Group Evolutionary Strategies: Dimensions and Mechanisms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):629.
Geoffrey F. Miller (1994). Beyond Shared Fate: Group-Selected Mechanisms for Cooperation and Competition in Fuzzy, Fluid Vehicles. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):630.
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