David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):140-168 (2005)
Neural Darwinism (ND) is a large scale selectionist theory of brain development and function that has been hypothesized to relate to consciousness. According to ND, consciousness is entailed by reentrant interactions among neuronal populations in the thalamocortical system (the ‘dynamic core’). These interactions, which permit high-order discriminations among possible core states, confer selective advantages on organisms possessing them by linking current perceptual events to a past history of value-dependent learning. Here, we assess the consistency of ND with 16 widely recognized properties of consciousness, both physiological (for example, consciousness is associated with widespread, relatively fast, low amplitude interactions in the thalamocortical system), and phenomenal (for example, consciousness involves the existence of a private flow of events available only to the experiencing subject). While no theory accounts fully for all of these properties at present, we find that ND and its recent extensions fare well.
|Keywords||*Consciousness States *Darwinism *Neural Development *Neurobiology Brain Cerebral Cortex Neuroanatomy Neurophysiology Thalamus|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Ned Block & Robert Stalnaker (1999). Conceptual Analysis, Dualism, and the Explanatory Gap. Philosophical Review 108 (1):1-46.
Nelson Cowan (2001). The Magical Number 4 in Short-Term Memory: A Reconsideration of Mental Storage Capacity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):87-114.
Bernard J. Baars (2002). The Conscious Access Hypothesis: Origins and Recent Evidence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (1):47-52.
Joseph Levine (1983). Materialism and Qualia: The Explanatory Gap. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 64 (October):354-61.
Francis Crick & Christof Koch (2003). A Framework for Consciousness. Nature Neuroscience 6:119-26.
Citations of this work BETA
D. B. Edelman, Bernard J. Baars & Anil K. Seth (2005). Identifying Hallmarks of Consciousness in Non-Mammalian Species. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):169-87.
Murray Shanahan (2006). A Cognitive Architecture That Combines Internal Simulation with a Global Workspace. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):433-449.
Lawrence M. Ward (2011). The Thalamic Dynamic Core Theory of Conscious Experience. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):464-486.
Bernard J. Baars (2005). Subjective Experience is Probably Not Limited to Humans: The Evidence From Neurobiology and Behavior. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):7-21.
Similar books and articles
David J. Chalmers (2000). What is a Neural Correlate of Consciousness? In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press 17--39.
David B. Edelman (2007). Consciousness Without Corticocentrism: Beating an Evolutionary Path. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):91-92.
Giulio Srinivasan Tononi (2003). Consciousness Differentiated and Integrated. In Axel Cleeremans (ed.), The Unity of Consciousness. Oxford University Press
Alva Noë & Evan Thompson (2004). Are There Neural Correlates of Consciousness? Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (1):3-28.
J. Fell (2004). Identifying Neural Correlates of Consciousness: The State Space Approach. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):709-29.
Bjorn Merker (2007). Grounding Consciousness: The Mesodiencephalon as Thalamocortical Base. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):110-134.
Bill Faw (2000). Consciousness, Motivation, and Emotion: Biopsychological Reflections. In Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (eds.), The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect and Self-Organization- an Anthology. Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins 55-90.
Bernard Molyneux (2010). Why the Neural Correlates of Consciousness Cannot Be Found. Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (9-10):168-188.
Ezequiel Morsella & John A. Bargh (2007). Supracortical Consciousness: Insights From Temporal Dynamics, Processing-Content, and Olfaction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):100.
Anil K. Seth, Bernard J. Baars & D. B. Edelman (2005). Criteria for Consciousness in Humans and Other Mammals. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):119-39.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads877 ( #528 of 1,907,063 )
Recent downloads (6 months)207 ( #479 of 1,907,063 )
How can I increase my downloads?