David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):409-433 (2008)
Two types of truth table tasks are used investigating mental representations of conditionals: a possibilities-based and a truth-based one. In possibilities tasks, participants indicate whether a situation is possible or impossible according to the conditional rule. In truth tasks participants evaluate whether a situation makes the rule true or false, or is irrelevant with respect to the truth of the rule. Comparing the two-option version of the possibilities task with the truth task in Experiment 1, the possibilities task yields logical answer patterns whereas the truth task yields defective patterns. Adding the irrelevant option to the possibilities task in Experiment 2 leads to a considerable amount of defective patterns in the possibilities task, but still to more logical patterns in the possibilities task than in the truth task. Experiment 3 shows that directionality matters since rule-to-situation tasks yield more logical answer patterns than do situation-to-rule tasks. We conclude that both task types are not comparable as such since wording, number of options and directionality influence the results
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
W. Schroyens (1999). Error and Bias in Meta-Propositional Reasoning: A Case of the Mental Model Theory. Thinking and Reasoning 5 (1):29 – 66.
Aline Sevenants, Kristien Dieussaert & Walter Schaeken (2011). Truth Table Tasks: Irrelevance and Cognitive Ability. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (3):213 - 246.
Jean-Fran (2008). Defective Truth Tables and Falsifying Cards: Two Measurement Models Yield No Evidence of an Underlying Fleshing-Out Propensity. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):231 – 243.
Jean-François Bonnefon & Stéphane Vautier (2008). Defective Truth Tables and Falsifying Cards: Two Measurement Models Yield No Evidence of an Underlying Fleshing-Out Propensity. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):231 – 243.
Stéphane Vautier & Jean-François Bonnefon (2008). Defective Truth Tables and Falsifying Cards: Two Measurement Models Yield No Evidence of an Underlying Fleshing-Out Propensity. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):231-243.
Patricia Barres & P. N. Johnson-Laird (2003). On Imagining What is True (and What is False). Thinking and Reasoning 9 (1):1 – 42.
Yunn-Wen Lien & Wei-Lun Lin (2011). From Falsification to Generating an Alternative Hypothesis: Exploring the Role of the New-Perspective Hypothesis in Successful 2-4-6 Task Performance. [REVIEW] Thinking and Reasoning 17 (2):105 - 136.
Géry D'Ydewalle, Walter Schaeken, Kristien Dieussaert, Walter Schroyens & Aline Sevenants (2008). Truth Table Tasks: The Relevance of Irrelevant. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):409-433.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads3 ( #293,241 of 1,101,088 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #177,551 of 1,101,088 )
How can I increase my downloads?