David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):409 - 433 (2008)
In discussing the origins of the antievolution movement in American high schools within the framework of science and religion, much is overlooked about the influence of educational trends in shaping this phenomenon. This was especially true in the years before the 1925 Scopes trial, the beginnings of the school antievolution movement. There was no sudden realization in the 1920's – sixty years after the "Origin of Species" was published – that Darwinism conflicted with the Bible, but until evolution was being taught in the high schools, there was no impetus to outlaw it. The creation of "civic biology" curricula in the late 1910's and early 20's, spearheaded by a close-knit community of textbook authors, brought evolution into the high school classroom as part of a complete reshaping of "biology" as a school subject. It also incorporated progressive ideologies about the purposes of compulsory public education in shaping society, and civic biology was fundamentally focused on the applications of the life sciences to human life. Antievolution legislation was part of a broader response to the ideologies of the new biology field, and was a reaction not only to the content of the new subject, but to the increasingly centralized control and regulation of education. Viewing the early school antievolution movement through the science-religion conflict is an artifact of the Scopes trial's re-creation of its origins. What largely caused support for the school antievolution movement in the South and particularly Tennessee were concerns over public education, which biology came to epitomize.
|Keywords||American Book Company antievolution biology education biology textbooks Benjamin C. Gruenberg civic biology George W. Hunter science and religion Scopes trial|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
John Dewey (2008). Democracy in Education. In Alexandra Miletta & Maureen McCann Miletta (eds.), Classroom Conversations: A Collection of Classics for Parents and Teachers. The New Press
John Dewey (1916). Democracy and Education. Dover Publications.
Gerald Skoog (2005). The Coverage of Human Evolution in High School Biology Textbooks in the 20th Century and in Current State Science Standards. Science and Education 14 (3-5):395-422.
Ronald L. Numbers (1999). Darwinism Comes to America. Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):415-417.
Philip Pauly (1991). The Development of High School Biology: New York City, 1900-1925. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 82:662-688.
Citations of this work BETA
Adam R. Shapiro (2014). Darwin’s Foil: The Evolving Uses of William Paley’s Natural Theology 1802–2005. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45 (1):114-123.
John L. Rudolph (2011). Science Education: History at the Edge. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (2):270-273.
John L. Rudolph (2011). Science Education: History at the Edge. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (2):270-273.
Similar books and articles
Chris Renwick (2014). Response to Stephen T. Casper and Steve Fuller. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (4):515-521.
Larry Cuban (1999). The Integration of Modern Sciences Into the American Secondary School, 1890--1990s. Studies in Philosophy and Education 18 (1-2):67-87.
Kenneth M. Ludmerer (2011). Abraham Flexner and Medical Education. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (1):8-16.
Carlo Ierna (2009). Anton Marty and the Phenomenological Movement. Brentano-Studien 12:219-240.
John Dewey (1980). The School and Society. Feffer & Simons.
Alison Kraft (2004). Pragmatism, Patronage and Politics in English Biology: The Rise and Fall of Economic Biology 1904-1920. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 37 (2):213 - 258.
Chris Renwick (2014). Completing the Circle of the Social Sciences? William Beveridge and Social Biology at London School of Economics During the 1930s. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (4):478-496.
Michael J. Reiss (1995). Conflicting Philosophies of School Sex Education. Journal of Moral Education 24 (4):371-382.
William Hayes (2006). The Progressive Education Movement: Is It Still a Factor in Today's Schools? Rowman & Littlefield Education.
Michael Fielding (2013). Whole School Meetings and the Development of Radical Democratic Community. Studies in Philosophy and Education 32 (2):123-140.
David Hartley (2003). The Instrumentalisation of the Expressive in Education. British Journal of Educational Studies 51 (1):6 - 19.
Addy Pross (2012). What is Life?: How Chemistry Becomes Biology. Oxford University Press.
Ronald B. Jacobson (2012). Rethinking School Bullying: Dominance, Identity and School Culture. Routledge.
Ann Higgins (1995). Teaching as a Moral Activity: Listening to Teachers in Russia and the United States. Journal of Moral Education 24 (2):143-158.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads18 ( #212,199 of 1,911,320 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #457,064 of 1,911,320 )
How can I increase my downloads?