David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 55 (1):97 - 118 (1983)
A central problem in epistemology concerns the justification of beliefs about epistemic principles, i.e., principles stating which kinds of beliefs are justified and which not. It is generally regarded as circular to justify such beliefs empirically. However, some recent defenders of foundationalism have argued that, within a foundationalist framework, one can justify beliefs about epistemic principles empirically without incurring the charge of vicious circularity. The key to this position is a sharp distinction between first- and second-level justifiedness.In this paper I first argue that such versions of foundationalism end up giving their approval to circular chains and are therefore unmotivated; if circular chains are acceptable, the classic regress argument for foundationalism does not go through. I then consider and reject two other ways in which the foundationalist might motivate his position. At the end of the paper I draw from this discussion a moral concerning the airns of epistemological theorizing.
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References found in this work BETA
Malcolm Acock (1981). Justification and Survival. Philosophical Studies 39 (3):247 - 261.
William P. Alston (1976). Has Foundationalism Been Refuted? Philosophical Studies 29 (5):295.
William P. Alston (1976). Self-Warrant: A Neglected Form of Privileged Access. American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (4):257 - 272.
William P. Alston (1980). Some Remarks on Chisholm's Epistemology. Noûs 14 (4):565-586.
William P. Alston (1976). Two Types of Foundationalism. Journal of Philosophy 73 (7):165-185.
Citations of this work BETA
James van Cleve (2011). Can Coherence Generate Warrant Ex Nihilo? Probability and the Logic of Concurring Witnesses. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (2):337-380.
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