David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Sophia 50 (3):481-497 (2011)
This paper explains some of the uses of the word ‘freedom’ in Western as well as in Indian philosophy. Regarding the psychological concept of freedom or free will, this paper focuses on the distinction between fatalism, determinism, types of compatibilism, and libertarianism. Indian philosophers, by and large, are compatibilists, although some minor systems, such as Śākta Āgama, favor a type of libertarianism. From the Indian perspective the form of life of human beings has also been mentioned in the discussion of free will. Regarding metaphysical freedom, I discuss the views of the Bhagavad Gītā and Swami Vivekananda in Sect. III. K.C. Bhattacharyya, a neo-Advaita Vedāntin, has discussed degrees of freedom of the subject at several levels. According to him, spiritual progress lies in the progressive realization of the freedom of the subject. I compare his view with the classical Advaita concept of freedom. I have also addressed the question of whether freedom from suffering can be realized at social and global levels. In this context I have mentioned some of the interpretations of the great saying ‘I am Brahman,’ and how freedom can be realized at the global level by using the Advaita concept of ‘oneness.’
|Keywords||Fatalism Determinism Compatibilism Soft determinism Soft-soft determinism Libertarianism Advaita Vedānta Spiritual freedom Bhagavad Gītā Yogavāsiṣṭha Ahaṁ Brahmāsmi Swami Vivekananda K.C. Bhattacharyya|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mary T. Clark (ed.) (1973). The Problem of Freedom. New York,Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Wells Earl Draughon (2003). What Freedom Is. Writer's Showcase.
Paweł Łuków (2007). What is the Problem of Freedom of the Will? Polish Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):65-80.
Dennis Hayes (2009). Academic Freedom and the Diminished Subject. British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (2):127 - 145.
Alan Patten (1999). Hegel's Idea of Freedom. Oxford University Press.
J. David Velleman (1989). Epistemic Freedom. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 70 (1):73-97.
J. David Velleman (1989). Epistemic Freedom. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 70 (March):73-97.
Susanne Bobzien (1997). Stoic Conceptions of Freedom and Their Relation to Ethics. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 41 (S68):71-89.
Raymond Van Over (1974). The Psychology of Freedom. Fawcett Publications.
Louis P. Pojman (1987). Freedom and Determinism: A Contemporary Discussion. Zygon 22 (December):397-417.
Coleen P. Zoller (2004). Determined but Free. Philosophy and Theology 16 (1):25-44.
Erik Anderson (2008). Scientific Essentialism, Could've Done Otherwise, And the Possibility of Freedom. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 15:13-20.
Mari Stenlund (2011). Involuntary Antipsychotic Medication and Freedom of Thought. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 4 (2):31-33.
Matthew J. Kisner (2011). Spinoza on Human Freedom: Reason, Autonomy and the Good Life. Cambridge University Press.
Hans Ruin (2008). The Destiny of Freedom: In Heidegger. Continental Philosophy Review 41 (3):277-299.
Added to index2011-05-02
Total downloads16 ( #108,581 of 1,102,030 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #192,049 of 1,102,030 )
How can I increase my downloads?