David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy of Science 49 (4):485-525 (1982)
Through a study of a sophisticated contemporary scientific experiment, it is shown how and why use of the term 'observation' in reference to that experiment departs from ordinary and philosophical usages which associate observation epistemically with perception. The role of "background information" is examined, and general conclusions are arrived at regarding the use of descriptive language in and in talking about science. These conclusions bring out the reasoning by which science builds on what it has learned, and, further, how that process of building consists not only in adding to our substantive knowledge, but also in increasing our ability to learn about nature, by extending our ability to observe it in new ways. The argument of this paper is thus a step toward understanding how it is that all our knowledge of nature rests on observation
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Eran Tal (2013). Old and New Problems in Philosophy of Measurement. Philosophy Compass 8 (12):1159-1173.
Jane Suilin Lavelle (2012). Theory-Theory and the Direct Perception of Mental States. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (2):213-230.
Harold I. Brown (1988). Normative Epistemology and Naturalized Epistemology. Inquiry 31 (1):53 – 78.
Bruce Reichenbach (2012). Religious Experience as an Observational Epistemic Practice. Sophia 51 (1):1-16.
Margaret Morrison (1990). Theory, Intervention and Realism. Synthese 82 (1):1 - 22.
Similar books and articles
Rafael González Del Solar & Luis Marone (2010). Observation and Experiment in Ecological Research. In Wenceslao González (ed.), New Methodological Perspectives on Observation and Experimentation in Science. Netbiblo.
Robert Nola (1990). Some Observations on a Popperian Experiment Concerning Observation. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 21 (2):329-346.
Toby Linden (1992). Shapere on Observation. Philosophy of Science 59 (2):293-299.
Robert Nola (1986). Observation and Growth in Scientific Knowledge. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:245 - 257.
Harold I. Brown (1987). Observation And Objectivity. Oxford University Press.
Peter Kosso (1992). Reading the Book of Nature: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Cambridge University Press.
James Bogen (2002). Experiment and Observation. In Peter K. Machamer & Michael Silberstein (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Science. Cambridge: Blackwell. 128--148.
Jerry A. Fodor (1984). Observation Reconsidered. Philosophy of Science 51 (March):23-43.
Anna Estany (2001). The Thesis of Theory-Laden Observation in the Light of Cognitive Psychology. Philosophy of Science 68 (2):203-217.
Jutta Schickore (1999). Sehen, Sichtbarkeit Und Empirische Forschung. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 30 (2):273-287.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads143 ( #5,418 of 1,098,996 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #58,097 of 1,098,996 )
How can I increase my downloads?