David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):263-280 (2010)
In this paper, I discuss substance-induced visions and consider their epistemic status, meaning, and modes of proper interpretation. I focus on the visions induced by ayahuasca, a powerful psychoactive plant-made brew that has had a central status and role in the indigenous tribal cultures of the upper Amazonian region. The brew is especially famous for the visions seen with it. These are often coupled with personal psychological insights, mentations concerning topics of special significance to one, intellectual (notably, philosophical and metaphysical) ideations, as well as powerful religious and spiritual sentiments. Thus, under the intoxication, people often feel that they gain significant knowledge and understanding. The present discussion takes a cognitive-phenomenological perspective coupled with a philosophical analysis of the various epistemological questions at hand.
|Keywords||Ayahuasca Altered states of consciousness Epistemology Hallucination Visionary experience|
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References found in this work BETA
Benny Shanon (1993). The Representational and the Presentational: An Essay on Cognition and the Study of Mind. Prentice-Hall.
Benny Shanon (2002). The Antipodes of the Mind: Charting the Phenomenology of the Ayahuasca Experience. OUP Oxford.
Aldous Huxley (1945/2004). The Perennial Philosophy. Perennial Classics.
Benny Shanon (2001). Altered Temporality. Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (1):35-58.
Benny Shanon (2011). Music and Ayahuasca. In David Clarke & Eric F. Clarke (eds.), Music and Consciousness: Philosophical, Psychological, and Cultural Perspectives. Oxford University Press 281.
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