David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 1 (3):340-66 (1992)
The present study applies a new method for investigating dynamic unconscious processes. The method consists of selection of words from patient interview and test protocols that in the clinicians' judgments capture the patients' conscious symptom experience and the hypothetical unconscious conflict related to the symptom, subliminal and supraliminal presentation of these words, signal analysis of event-related potentials obtained to the word presentations. Eight phobics and three patients suffering from pathological grief reactions served as subjects. A time-frequency ERP analysis revealed that subjects' ERPs classified the unconscious conflict words better subliminally than supraliminally, while the reverse was true for the conscious symptom words = 2.82, p = .011). The relationship between frequency and latency revealed a similar mirror image pattern for the unconscious conflict and conscious symptom words . This method demonstrated that objective, brain-based evidence for unconscious conflict can be obtained
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References found in this work BETA
J. Balay & Howard Shevrin (1988). The Subliminal Psychodynamic Activation Method: A Critical Review. American Psychologist 43:161-74.
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Citations of this work BETA
Marie Vandekerckhove & Jaak Panksepp (2009). The Flow of Anoetic to Noetic and Autonoetic Consciousness: A Vision of Unknowing (Anoetic) and Knowing (Noetic) Consciousness in the Remembrance of Things Past and Imagined Futures. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1018-1028.
Howard Shevrin, Jess H. Ghannam & Benjamin W. Libet (2002). A Neural Correlate of Consciousness Related to Repression. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (2):334-41.
Howard Shevrin, W. J. Williams, R. E. Marshall & Linda A. Brakel (1992). Event-Related Potential Indicators of the Dynamic Unconscious. Consciousness and Cognition 1 (3):340-66.
Philip S. Wong, Edward Bernat, S. Bunce & H. Shevrin (1997). Brain Indices of Nonconscious Associative Learning. Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):519-544.
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