David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 1 (3):340-66 (1992)
The present study applies a new method for investigating dynamic unconscious processes. The method consists of selection of words from patient interview and test protocols that in the clinicians' judgments capture the patients' conscious symptom experience and the hypothetical unconscious conflict related to the symptom, subliminal and supraliminal presentation of these words, signal analysis of event-related potentials obtained to the word presentations. Eight phobics and three patients suffering from pathological grief reactions served as subjects. A time-frequency ERP analysis revealed that subjects' ERPs classified the unconscious conflict words better subliminally than supraliminally, while the reverse was true for the conscious symptom words = 2.82, p = .011). The relationship between frequency and latency revealed a similar mirror image pattern for the unconscious conflict and conscious symptom words . This method demonstrated that objective, brain-based evidence for unconscious conflict can be obtained.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Daniel Holender (1986). Semantic Activation Without Conscious Identification in Dichotic Listening, Parafoveal Vision, and Visual Masking: A Survey and Appraisal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):1-23.
J. Cheesman & Philip M. Merikle (1984). Priming with and Without Awareness. Perception and Psychophysics 36:387-95.
Anthony J. Marcel (1983). Conscious and Unconscious Perception: Experiments on Visual Masking and Word Recognition. Cognitive Psychology 15:197-237.
John F. Kihlstrom (1984). Conscious, Subconscious, Unconscious: A Cognitive Perspective. In K. S. Bowers & D. Meichenbaum (eds.), The Unconscious Reconsidered. Wiley
Anthony J. Marcel (1983). Conscious and Unconscious Perception: An Approach to the Relations Between Phenomenal Experience and Perceptual Processes. Cognitive Psychology 15:238-300.
Citations of this work BETA
Marie Vandekerckhove & Jaak Panksepp (2009). The Flow of Anoetic to Noetic and Autonoetic Consciousness: A Vision of Unknowing (Anoetic) and Knowing (Noetic) Consciousness in the Remembrance of Things Past and Imagined Futures. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1018-1028.
P. Wong (2003). Dynamic Variations in Affective Priming. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (2):147-168.
Howard Shevrin, W. J. Williams, R. E. Marshall & Linda A. Brakel (1992). Event-Related Potential Indicators of the Dynamic Unconscious. Consciousness and Cognition 1 (3):340-66.
Philip S. Wong, Edward Bernat, S. Bunce & H. Shevrin (1997). Brain Indices of Nonconscious Associative Learning. Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):519-544.
Howard Shevrin, Jess H. Ghannam & Benjamin W. Libet (2002). A Neural Correlate of Consciousness Related to Repression. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (2):334-41.
Similar books and articles
Howard Shevrin (1992). The Freudian Unconscious and the Cognitive Unconscious: Identical or Fraternal Twins? In J. Barron, Morris N. Eagle & D. Wolitzky (eds.), Interface of Psychoanalysis and Psychology. American Psychological Association
Marta Kutas & Jonathan W. King (1999). In-Line Measures of Syntactic Processing Using Event-Related Brain Potentials. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):104-105.
Howard Shevrin (2000). The Experimental Investigation of Unconscious Conflict, Unconscious Affect, and Unconscious Signal Anxiety. In Max Velmans (ed.), Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: New Methodologies and Maps. Advances in Consciousness Research, Vol. 13. John Benjamins 33-65.
Howard Shevrin (1992). Unconscious Perception, Memory, and Consciousness: Cognitive and Dynamic Perspectives. In Robert F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness. Guilford
Markus Kiefer & Doreen Brendel (2006). Attentional Modulation of Unconscious "Automatic" Processes: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials in a Masked Priming Paradigm. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 18 (2):184-198.
Linda A. Brakel, Shasha Kleinsorge, Michael Snodgrass & Howard Shevrin (2000). The Primary Process and the Unconscious: Experimental Evidence Supporting Two Psychoanalytic Presuppositions. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis 81 (3):553-569.
Howard Shevrin, J. Bond, L. Brakel, R. Hertel & W. J. Williams (1996). Conscious and Unconscious Processes: Psychodynamic, Cognitive, and Neurophysiological Convergences. Guilford Press.
David V. Forrest (2005). Elements of Dynamics VI: The Dynamic Unconscious and Unconscious Dynamics. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry 33 (3):547-560.
Gerard O'Brien & Jon Jureidini (2002). Dispensing with the Dynamic Unconscious. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (2):141-153.
Howard Shevrin (2001). Event-Related Markers of Unconscious Processes. International Journal of Psychophysiology. Special Issue 42 (2):209-218.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #246,261 of 1,725,584 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #211,098 of 1,725,584 )
How can I increase my downloads?