David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):385-401 (2012)
This paper raises fundamental questions about the claims of art historian David Freedberg and neuroscientist Vittorio Gallese in their article "Motion, Emotion and Empathy in Esthetic Experience." It does so from several perspectives, all of them rooted in the dynamic realities of movement. It shows on the basis of neuroscientific research how connectivity and pruning are of unmistakable import in the interneuronal dynamic patternings in the human brain from birth onward. In effect, it shows that mirror neurons are contingent on morphology and corporeal-kinetic tactile-kinesthetic experience. Accordingly, it poses and answers the overlooked but seminally important question of how mirror neurons come to be. The original neuromuscular research of Parma neuroscientists and the findings of Marc Jeannerod concerning kinesthesia support the answer that the "underpinnings" of visual art appreciation are themselves underpinned. An abbreviated phenomenological analysis of movement and its implications regarding the fact that the making of all art is quintessentially contingent on movement, hence a dynamic enterprise, further bolster the given answer as does a brief review of an empirical phenomenological analysis of the natural dynamic congruency of emotions and movement. In the end, the paper shows that movement and life are of a piece in the creation and appreciation of art as in everyday life.
|Keywords||Developmental neuronal brain dynamics Morphology Corporeal-kinetic tactile-kinesthetic invariants Aesthetic experience Dance Kinesthesia Emotions|
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References found in this work BETA
Roberto Casati & Alessandro Pignocchi (2007). Mirror and Canonical Neurons Are Not Constitutive of Aesthetic Responses. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (10):000-000.
David Freedberg & Vittorio Gallese (2007). Motion, Emotion and Empathy in Esthetic Experience. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (5):197-203.
Raymond W. Gibbs (2006). Embodiment and Cognitive Science. New York ;Cambridge University Press.
Edmund Husserl (1964/1965). Cartesian Meditations. [The Hague]M. Nijhoff.
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