Controlled and automatic human information processing: Perceptual learning, automatic attending, and a general theory
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Psychological Review 84 (2):128-90 (1977)
Tested the 2-process theory of detection, search, and attention presented by the current authors in a series of experiments. The studies demonstrate the qualitative difference between 2 modes of information processing: automatic detection and controlled search; trace the course of the learning of automatic detection, of categories, and of automatic-attention responses; and show the dependence of automatic detection on attending responses and demonstrate how such responses interrupt controlled processing and interfere with the focusing of attention. The learning of categories is shown to improve controlled search performance. A general framework for human information processing is proposed. The framework emphasizes the roles of automatic and controlled processing. The theory is compared to and contrasted with extant models of search and attention.
|Keywords||*Attention *Classification *Cognitive Processes *Practice *Visual Discrimination Theories|
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Sophie K. Scott & Richard J. S. Wise (2004). The Functional Neuroanatomy of Prelexical Processing in Speech Perception. Cognition 92 (1-2):13-45.
Brian J. Scholl & Patrice D. Tremoulet (2000). Perceptual Causality and Animacy. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (8):299-309.
Keith Frankish (2010). Dual-Process and Dual-System Theories of Reasoning. Philosophy Compass 5 (10):914-926.
Ulrich Ansorge, Wilfried Kunde & Markus Kiefer (2014). Unconscious Vision and Executive Control: How Unconscious Processing and Conscious Action Control Interact. Consciousness and Cognition 27:268-287.
Dana Schneider, Zoie E. Nott & Paul E. Dux (2014). Task Instructions and Implicit Theory of Mind. Cognition 133 (1):43-47.
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