Toward a Truly Social Epistemology: Babbage, the Division of Mental Labor, and the Possibility of Socially Distributed Warrant
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (2):266-294 (2013)
In what follows, I appeal to Charles Babbage’s discussion of the division of mental labor to provide evidence that—at least with respect to the social acquisition, storage, retrieval, and transmission of knowledge—epistemologists have, for a broad range of phenomena of crucial importance to actual knowers in their epistemic practices in everyday life, failed adequately to appreciate the significance of socially distributed cognition. If the discussion here is successful, I will have demonstrated that a particular presumption widely held within the contemporary discussion of the epistemology of testimony—a presumption that I will term the personalist requirement—fails to account for those very practices of knowers that I detail here. I will then conclude by suggesting that an alternate account of testimonial warrant, one that has heretofore been underappreciated, ought to be given more serious consideration—in particular because it is well suited to account for those actual practices of knowers that the personalist requirement leaves unrecognized
|Keywords||Testimony Socially distributed cognition Warrant Charles Babbage Division of mental labor|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Philip Kitcher (1993). The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions. Oxford University Press.
Alvin Goldman (1992). Liaisons: Philosophy Meets the Cognitive and Social Sciences. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Alvin Goldman (1979). ``What is Justified Belief?". In George Pappas (ed.), Justification and Knowledge. Boston: D. Reidel 1-25.
Franz Dietrich & Christian List (2007). Arrow's Theorem in Judgment Aggregation. Social Choice and Welfare 29 (1):19-33.
Citations of this work BETA
Joseph Shieber (2012). Against Credibility. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (1):1 - 18.
Boaz Miller (2015). Why Knowledge is the Property of a Community and Possibly None of its Members. Philosophical Quarterly 65 (260):417-441.
Adam Green (2014). Evaluating Distributed Cognition. Synthese 191 (1):79-95.
Spyridon Orestis Palermos (2016). Spreading the Credit: Virtue Reliabilism and Weak Epistemic Anti-Individualism. Erkenntnis 81 (2):305-334.
Similar books and articles
Sanford C. Goldberg (2006). The Social Diffusion of Warrant and Rationality. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (S1):118-138.
Kay Mathiesen (2005). Epistemic Risk and Community Policing. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (S1):139-150.
Christopher Gauker (1991). Mental Content and the Division of Epistemic Labour. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 69 (September):302-18.
Colin P. Ruloff (2003). Evidentialism, Warrant, and the Division of Epistemic Labor. Philosophia 31 (1-2):185-203.
Ronald N. Giere (2007). Distributed Cognition Without Distributed Knowing. Social Epistemology 21 (3):313 – 320.
Martin M. Fagin, Jeremy K. Yamashiro & William C. Hirst (2013). The Adaptive Function of Distributed Remembering: Contributions to the Formation of Collective Memory. [REVIEW] Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (1):91-106.
Matthew J. Brown (2011). Science as Socially Distributed Cognition: Bridging Philosophy and Sociology of Science. In Karen François, Benedikt Löwe, Thomas Müller & Bart van Kerkhove (eds.), Foundations of the Formal Sciences VII, Studies in Logic. College Publications
Mikkel Gerken (2013). Internalism and Externalism in the Epistemology of Testimony. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (3):532-557.
Krist Vaesen (2011). Giere's (In)Appropriation of Distributed Cognition. Social Epistemology 25 (4):379 - 391.
Robert E. Page & Sandra D. Mitchell (1990). Self Organization and Adaptation in Insect Societies. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:289 - 298.
Murray E. G. Smith (1993). Productivity, Valorization and Crisis: Socially Necessary Unproductive Labor in Contemporary Capitalism. Science and Society 57 (3):262 - 293.
Stevan Harnad (1982). Metaphor and Mental Duality. In Language, Mind, And Brain. Hillsdale: Erlbaum
Added to index2011-03-27
Total downloads356 ( #6,443 of 1,932,583 )
Recent downloads (6 months)79 ( #3,428 of 1,932,583 )
How can I increase my downloads?