David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (1):24-25 (2008)
Tom Shakespeare’s book Disability rights and wrongs is very rich and interesting and ought to be compulsory reading for anyone interested in the relation between disability and medical ethics.1In my short contribution to this symposium on the book, I will focus on a particular aspect of his discussion of prenatal diagnosis and termination of pregnancy.In chapter 6 of Disability rights and wrongs, a chapter entitled Questioning prenatal diagnosis, the author discusses a wide range of issues concerning the relation between disability and prenatal diagnosis. One of the arguments he discusses is the so-called “expressivist objection” to prenatal diagnosis—that is, the claim that prenatal diagnosis expresses a discriminatory or negative attitude towards people with disability. After having analysed the expressivist objection, Shakespeare, in line with a range of other authors, concludes that the argument is not sound: Nor should we interpret a decision to have a test or a termination as expressing disrespect or discrimination towards disabled people.1Is it thus time now to lay the expressivist objection to rest? In the following, I will suggest that it may be too early to completely dismiss the objection, partially because it is often misrepresented by its opponents, who argue against implausibly strong versions of the objection.THE OBJECTION UNFOLDEDWhat does the expressivist objection essentially claim? The core of the claim is, as described above, that prenatal diagnosis and termination of pregnancy expresses certain attitudes towards disabled people. What is taken to express these attitudes may be the social practice of prenatal diagnosis and termination of pregnancy either …
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Carolyn Gonter, The Expressivist Argument, Prenatal Diagnosis, and Selective Abortion: An Appeal to the Social Construction of Disability.
J. Arlebrink (1997). The Moral Roots of Prenatal Diagnosis. Ethical Aspects of the Early Introduction and Presentation of Prenatal Diagnosis in Sweden. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (4):260-261.
James Lindemann Nelson (2000). Prenatal Diagnosis, Personal Identity, and Disability. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (3):213-228.
Elisabeth Hildt (2002). Autonomy and Freedom of Choice in Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (1):65-72.
Zoltan Papp (1989). Genetic Counseling and Termination of Pregnancy in Hungary. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (3):323-333.
Jorn Sonderholm (2008). Does Blackburn's Expressivism Have a Problem with Respect to Supervenience? A Reply to Wright and Zangwill. Metaphysica 10 (1):89-95.
Dagmar Schmitz (2013). A New Era in Prenatal Testing: Are We Prepared? [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):357-364.
Matthew Chrisman (2009). Expressivism, Truth, and (Self-) Knowledge. Philosophers' Imprint 9 (3):1-26.
Caroline Whitbeck (1981). What is Diagnosis? Some Critical Reflections. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):319-329.
Rosamund Scott (2007). Choosing Between Possible Lives: Law and Ethics of Prenatal and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis. Hart.
J. Sonderholm (2013). World Poverty, Positive Duties, and the Overdemandingness Objection. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 12 (3):308-327.
D. Heyd (1995). Prenatal Diagnosis: Whose Right? Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (5):292-297.
L. Gillam (1999). Prenatal Diagnosis and Discrimination Against the Disabled. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (2):163-171.
V. N. Bolton (1990). Prenatal Diagnosis: Confronting the Ethical Issues. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (4):218-219.
J. A. Boss (1994). First Trimester Prenatal Diagnosis: Earlier is Not Necessarily Better. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (3):146-151.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads15 ( #120,034 of 1,413,474 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #155,015 of 1,413,474 )
How can I increase my downloads?