David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Topoi 23 (2):153-163 (2004)
US testing of nuclear weapons has resulted in about 800,000 premature fatal cancers throughout the globe, and the nuclear tests of China, France, India, Russia, and the UK have added to this total. Surprisingly, however, these avoidable deaths have not received much attention, as compared, for example, to the smaller number of US fatalities on 9-11-01. This essay (1) surveys the methods and models used to assess effects of low-dose ionizing radiation from above-ground nuclear weapons tests and (2) explains some of the epistemological and logical problems (with these methods and models) that have caused scientists to decide against health screening of the most likely test victims. It also (3) argues that, once the faulty presuppositions and question-begging frames about testing and screening are recognized, there are compelling arguments in favor of nuclear-test nations'' screening fallout victims, at least among their citizens. Finally, it (4) suggests that logically and epistemically flawed fallout studies/recommendations against screening are more like to occur when scientists adopt a Laudan-style comparativist rationality, rather than when they adopt a metascience more like that of Kuhn and others.
|Keywords||Philosophy Philosophy Philosophy of Science Philosophy of Technology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Tom L. Beauchamp (2009). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Thomas S. Kuhn (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Vol. The University of Chicago Press.
L. Laudan (1977). Progress and its Problems: Toward a Theory of Scientific Growth. University of California Press.
G. E. Moore (1903/2004). Principia Ethica. Dover Publications.
Deborah G. Mayo (2001). Error and the Growth of Experimental Knowledge. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (1):455-459.
Citations of this work BETA
José Luis Luján, Javier Rodríguez Alcázar & Oliver Todt (2011). Practical Values and Uncertainty in Regulatory Decision-Making. Social Epistemology 24 (4):349-362.
Oliver Todt & José Luis Luján (forthcoming). Non-Cognitive Values and Methodological Learning in the Decision-Oriented Sciences. Foundations of Science:1-20.
Similar books and articles
Virginia A. Moyer Ned Calonge Steven M. Teutsch Jeffrey R. Botkin (2008). Expanding Newborn Screening: Process, Policy, and Priorities. Hastings Center Report 38 (3):pp. 32-39.
Matthew K. Wynia (2006). Routine Screening: Informed Consent, Stigma and the Waning of HIV Exceptionalism. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):5 – 8.
Michael Allen Fox (1987). Nuclear Weapons and the Ultimate Environmental Crisis. Environmental Ethics 9 (2):159-179.
Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2005). Radiobiology and Gray Science: Flaws in Landmark New Radiation Protections. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (2):167-169.
Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2005). Mortgaging the Future: Dumping Ethics with Nuclear Waste. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):518-520.
Robert E. Goodin (1985). Disarming Nuclear Apologists. Inquiry 28 (1-4):153 – 176.
Gilles D. Hurteau (1989). Global Peace as a Professional Concern, II. Journal of Business Ethics 8 (2-3):173 - 175.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads23 ( #160,910 of 1,792,099 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #102,458 of 1,792,099 )
How can I increase my downloads?