David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):137-149 (2005)
Eighty percent of (commercial) genetically engineered seeds (GES) are designed only to resist herbicides. Letting farmers use more chemicals, they cut labor costs. But developing nations say GES cause food shortages, unemployment, resistant weeds, and extinction of native cultivars when “volunteers” drift nearby. While GES patents are reasonable, this paper argues many patent policies are not. The paper surveys GE technology, outlines John Locke’s classic account of property rights, and argues that current patent policies must be revised to take account of Lockean ethical constraints. After answering a key objection, it provides concrete suggestions for implementing its ethical conclusions.
|Keywords||agriculture biotechnology chemical corporation developing nation food gene green revolution Locke Monsanto patent pesticides property rights labor rights risk|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Flávio Guimarães da Fonseca, Daniel Mendes Ribeiro, Nara Pereira Carvalho, Mariana Alves Lara, Antonio Cota Marçal & Brunello Stancioli (2012). Human Transgenesis: Definitions, Technical Possibilities and Moral Challenges. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 25 (4):513-524.
Similar books and articles
David Lea (2008). The Expansion and Restructuring of Intellectual Property and its Implications for the Developing World. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (1):37 - 60.
Richard A. Spinello (2004). Property Rights in Genetic Information. Ethics and Information Technology 6 (1):29-42.
Hugh Breakey (2009). Liberalism and Intellectual Property Rights. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (3):329-349.
J. M. Elegido (1995). Intrinsic Limitations of Property Rights. Journal of Business Ethics 14 (5):411 - 416.
Paul Steidlmeier (1993). The Moral Legitimacy of Intellectual Property Claims: American Business and Developing Country Perspectives. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):157 - 164.
A. John Simmons (1998). Makers' Rights. Journal of Ethics 2 (3):197-218.
Sarah Chan & Muireann Quigley (2007). Frozen Embryos, Genetic Information and Reproductive Rights. Bioethics 21 (8):439–448.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads19 ( #96,214 of 1,140,319 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,127 of 1,140,319 )
How can I increase my downloads?