David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):1 - 12 (2009)
To grasp the truth in traditional Chinese classics, we need to uncover the long obscured "xiang" 象 (image) thinking, which has long been overshadowed by Occidentalism, "xiang thinking" is the most fundamental thought of human beings. The logic of linguistics all comes from "xiang thinking". Through conceptual thinking, people can understand Western classics on metaphysics, yet they may not completely understand the various schools of Chinese classics. The difference between Chinese and Western ways of thinking originated in the difference of the basic views developed in the "Axial period". Since Aristotle, Western metaphysical ideas have all been manifested in substantiality, objectivity, and being ready-made, whereas Chinese Taiji, Dao, Xin-xing, and Zen were manifested in the non-substantiality, non-objectivity, and non-ready-made-ness of a dynamic whole. To grasp substance, rational and logical thinking such as definition, judgment, and reasoning is necessary. On the other hand, to grasp Taiji, Dao, etc., which is a dynamic whole or non-substances, "xiang thinking", which is related to perception and rich in poetic association, is essential. History has taught us a lesson, i.e., when we opened the window to logical thought, we closed that of "xiang thinking". We should remember the words of Xu Guangqi, i.e., "To mingle harmoniously and understand thoroughly so as to excel". /// 重新打开被西方中心论长期遮蔽的 "象思维" 是把握中国传统经典本真的 需要。"象思维" 是人类最本原的思维。语言逻辑部经过 "象思维" 孕育而产生。 用概念思维可以透彻解读西方形上学经典，却未必能透彻解读中国诸家经典。中西 两种思维的不同，源于在 "轴心时期" 产生的基本理念的不同。西方形上学理念从 亚里士多德以降均为不同实体，显示为实体性、对象性、现成性。而中国的太极、 道、心性、禅则显示为动态整体的非实体性、非对象性、非现成性。把握实体，需 要用理性的、逻辑的概念思维，如定义、判断、推理等。而把握动态整体或非实体 的太极、道等，则需要用悟性的、诗意联想的 "象思维"。历史的经验教训是:在我 们打开逻辑概念思维这扇窗户时，却错误地关闭了 "象思维" 这扇窗户。我们应记 住徐光启的箴言 "会通以超胜"。.
|Keywords||rationality perception xiang xiang thinking non-substantiality|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Shuren Wang (2009). The Roots of Chinese Philosophy and Culture — an Introduction to “ Xiang ” and “ Xiang Thinking”. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):1-12.
J. Scot Brackenridge, Guo Xiang. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Xiang Shiling (2011). Creation of the Concept of Benti and Theory of Ontology in Chinese Philosophy. Contemporary Chinese Thought 43 (1):30-42.
Zhang Xiang (2008). From Sino—African Relations Comes a Steady Stream of Enlightening Guidance. Contemporary Chinese Thought 40 (1):11-28.
Gang Zhang (2011). Form and Formless: A Discussion with the Authors of Anticipating China. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (4):585-608.
Wu Kuang-ming (2010). “Let Chinese Thinking Be Chinese, Not Western”: Sine Qua Non to Globalization. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (2):193-209.
Huan Xiang (1980). The Problems of China's Socialist Modernization. Contemporary Chinese Thought 11 (4):60-81.
Robert E. Allinson (ed.) (1989). Understanding the Chinese Mind: The Philosophical Roots. Oxford University Press.
Weimin Sun (2007). Wang, Shuren 王樹人, Back to the Original and Creative Thinking—Chinese Wisdom Viewed From “Image Thinking” 回歸原創之思—“象思維”視野下的中國智慧. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6 (4):433-436.
Liu Xiang (1989). A Research Review on the Silk Book Entitled Huangdi Shu From a Han Dynasty Tomb at Mawangdui. Contemporary Chinese Thought 20 (4):72-90.
Yasuo Yuasa, tr Nagatomo, Shigenori & tr Fasan, Jacques (2005). Image-Thinking and the Understanding of "Being": The Psychological Basis of Linguistic Expression. Philosophy East and West 55 (2):179-208.
Yuasa Yasuo, Shigenori Nagatomo & Jacques Fasan (2005). Image-Thinking and the Understanding of "Being": The Psychological Basis of Linguistic Expression. Philosophy East and West 55 (2):179 - 208.
Liu Xiaogan (2008). Two Orientations in Hermeneutic Writing: Wang Bi's Commentary on the Lao Zi_ and Guo Xiang's _Commentary on the Zhuang Zi. Contemporary Chinese Thought 40 (2):23-45.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads4 ( #460,644 of 1,780,198 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #291,056 of 1,780,198 )
How can I increase my downloads?