Ideologic learning under conditions of social enslavement: The case of the soviet union in the 1930s AND 1940s [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in East European Thought 50 (1):19-58 (1998)
A sequence of theoretical models is constructed as an extension to Leszek Nowak's theory of socialist society to explain important characteristics of the violent party purges in Soviet Stalinism. According to these models, purges are a regular and systemic feature of a socialist system during a certain phase of development (modelled as the phase of social enslavement). Contrary to traditional conceptions which interpret the purges essentially as resulting from the actions of an almost omnipotent, and partly irrational, despot, the models presented here provide an explanation which does not need to conceive Stalin as the architect of terror (Robert Conquest), i.e. as the long-term planner of the terror. However, the concepts presented here preserve the vital arguments of the traditional approach, thereby contradicting the revisionist pattern of interpretation. In particular the models seek to provide a theoretical base for an explanation of the moderation of inner-party terror from 1938. This moderation is interpreted as resulting from a modification of the then existing ideology (and corresponding habits of the party's leadership); a modification which in itself had been stimulated by the disastrous effects of the great purge in 1937/38. This modification can be theoretically conceived as a process of ideological learning. The historical fact that the post-war purges (i.e. the Leningrad affair in 1949 and the Mingrelian affair 1951/52) did not reach such an enormous extent as the purges of the late 1930s may thus be attributed to a process of ideological learning.
|Keywords||Stalin/Stalinism Marxism-Leninism terror purges|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Elena Aronova (2011). The Politics and Contexts of Soviet Science Studies (Naukovedenie): Soviet Philosophy of Science at the Crossroads. Studies in East European Thought 63 (3):175-202.
Neil Redfern (2002). A British Version of "Browderism": British Communiste and the Teheran Conference of 1943. Science and Society 66 (3):360 - 380.
Shuguang Zhang (2010). The Renaissance of Traditional Chinese Learning. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (2):237-254.
Olga Voronina (1993). Soviet Patriarchy: Past and Present. Hypatia 8 (4):97 - 112.
Mark Sandle (1997). Georgii Shakhnazarov and the Soviet Critique of Historical Materialism. Studies in East European Thought 49 (2):109-133.
Axel Cleeremans (1993). Mechanisms of Implicit Learning: Connectionist Models of Sequence Processing. MIT Press.
G. A. Cohen (1999). Marxism After the Collapse of the Soviet Union. Journal of Ethics 3 (2):99-104.
Dean Grimes Farrer (1974). Socialist Realism in the Soviet Union: Portrayal of Western European and North American Businessmen. Studies in East European Thought 14 (1-2):27-45.
Hugh Webster Babb (ed.) (1951). Soviet Legal Philosophy. Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
Elena Simonato (2008). 'Social Phonology' in the Ussr in the 1920s. Studies in East European Thought 60 (4):339 - 347.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #180,066 of 1,725,153 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #134,554 of 1,725,153 )
How can I increase my downloads?