David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Social Criticism 31 (3):309-341 (2005)
Johann Gottfried Herder has been described as the founder of cultural relativism within the German philosophical tradition, which would make him the starting-point for one thread in the pattern of ideas leading to the Nazi disaster. More recently, some scholars have rejected this interpretation, arguing that Herder actually supported the universalist values of the Enlightenment. I argue that Herders position is actually a complex, and laudable, blend of universalism and relativism. It includes: (1) the presumption of a set of basic human goods, upon which some universal criteria for ethical judgements may be founded: and, (2) the view that human practices, values and beliefs must be interpreted within their social context, and that the happiness and virtue of individuals can only be measured in relation to their specific values, being a function of their capacity to satisfy their desires and to live up to their ideals. Key Words: Counter-Enlightenment cultural relativism ethical relativism Eurocentrism Johann Gottfried Herder.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Chase Richards (2012). Herder's Phantom Public. Modern Intellectual History 9 (3):507-533.
Similar books and articles
James O. Young (2009). Relativism, Standards and Aesthetic Judgements. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 17 (2):221 – 231.
Johann Gottfried Herder (2002). Sculpture: Some Observations on Shape and Form From Pygmalion's Creative Dream. University of Chicago Press.
Johann Gottfried Herder (1969). J. G. Herder on Social and Political Culture. London, Cambridge U.P..
John Ladd (1973). Ethical Relativism. Belmont, Calif.,Wadsworth Pub. Co..
Robert Edward Norton (1991). Herder's Aesthetics and the European Enlightenment. Cornell University Press.
Johann Gottfried Herder (2002). Philosophical Writings. Cambridge University Press.
F. M. Barnard (1988). Self-Direction and Political Legitimacy: Rousseau and Herder. Oxford University.
Angelica Nuzzo (2010). “’Our Nurses Are Our First Teachers of Logic’. Herder on Language as Embodied Thinking,” In: Herausforderung Herder—Herder as Challenge, Ed. S. Gross, Heidelberg, Synchron, 2010, 199-214. [REVIEW] In S. Gross (ed.), Herausforderung Herder—Herder as Challenge. Syncron.
Sonia Sikka (2011). Herder on Humanity and Cultural Difference: Enlightened Relativism. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #131,517 of 1,686,825 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #183,788 of 1,686,825 )
How can I increase my downloads?