David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):59–75 (2000)
[Peter Simons] Commonsense ontology contains both continuants and occurrents, but are continuants necessary? I argue that they are neither occurrents nor easily replaceable by them. The worst problem for continuants is the question in virtue of what a given continuant exists at a given time. For such truthmakers we must have recourse to occurrents, those vital to the continuant at that time. Continuants are, like abstract objects, invariants under equivalences over occurrents. But they are not abstract, and their being invariants enables us to infer both their lack of temporal parts and that non-invariant predications about them must be relativized to times. \\\ [Joseph Melia] In this paper I try to eliminate occurrents from our ontology. I argue against Simons' position that occurrents are needed to supply truthmakers for existential claims about continuants. Nevertheless, those who would eliminate occurrents still need some account of our willingness to assert sentences that logically entail their existence. Though it turns out to be impossible to paraphrase away our reference to occurrents, I show that the truthmakers for such sentences are facts that involve only continuants. This is enough to allow us to regard our ordinary talk about occurrents as fictional. Finally, I argue that a proper conception of the underlying temporal facts about continuants can both avoid the problematic tensed theory of time and the problem of temporary intrinsics
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jiri Benovsky (2008). Two Concepts of Possible Worlds – or Only One? Theoria 74 (4):318-330.
Jiri Benovsky (2009). Presentism and Persistence. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (3):291-309.
Jiri Benovsky (2013). From Experience to Metaphysics: On Experience‐Based Intuitions and Their Role in Metaphysics. Noûs 47 (3).
Jiri Benovsky (2012). Photographic Representation and Depiction of Temporal Extension. Inquiry 55 (2):194-213.
Similar books and articles
Michael Clark (1978). Time-Slices of Particular Continuants as Basic Individuals: An Impossible Ontology. Philosophical Studies 33 (4):403 - 408.
Peter Simons (2000). Identity Through Time and Trope Bundles. Topoi 19 (2):147-155.
Ted Honderich (1981). Psychophysical Law-Like Connections and Their Problems. Inquiry 24 (October):277-303.
Achille Varzi (2001). Parts, Counterparts and Modal Occurents. Travaux de Logique 14 (1):151--71.
Julian Dodd (2004). Types, Continuants, and the Ontology of Music. British Journal of Aesthetics 44 (4):342-360.
Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith (2003). Granular Spatio-Temporal Ontologies. AAAI Symposium:12-17.
Boris Hennig (2008). Occurrents. In Katherine Munn & Barry Smith (eds.), Applied Ontology. An Introduction. Ontos Verlag.
Roberto Poli (2004). W. E. Johnson's Determinable-Determinate Opposition and His Theory of Abstraction. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 82 (1):163-196.
Paul Needham (2004). Continuants and Processes in Macroscopic Chemistry. Axiomathes 14 (1-3):237-265.
Joseph Melia (2000). Continuants and Occurrents, II. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):77–92.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads61 ( #24,602 of 1,100,968 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #176,807 of 1,100,968 )
How can I increase my downloads?