David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The empirical phenomenon at the center of this paper is projection, which we define (uncontroversially) as follows: (1) Definition of projection An implication projects if and only if it survives as an utterance implication when the expression that triggers the implication occurs under the syntactic scope of an entailment-cancelling operator. Projection is observed, for example, with utterances containing aspectual verbs like stop, as shown in (2) and (3) with examples from English and Paraguayan Guaraní (Paraguay, Tupí-Guaraní).1 The Guaraní example in (2) and its English translation have at least the following implications: (i) Carla has previously smoked, and (ii) Carla stopped smoking. The first but not the second of these implications is also conveyed by the question version of sentence (2), as in (3a), or when (2) is embedded under entailment-cancelling sentential operators, such as negation, as in (3b), the antecedent of a conditional, as in (3c), or an epistemic modal, as in (3d). Hence, by the definition in (14), the first but not the second implication of (2) projects
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Márta Abrusán (2011). Predicting the Presuppositions of Soft Triggers. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (6):491-535.
Eric McCready (2012). Emotive Equilibria. Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (3):243-283.
Similar books and articles
Judith Tonhauser (2011). Temporal Reference in Paraguayan Guaraní, a Tenseless Language. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (3):257-303.
Mandy Simons (2006). Foundational Issues in Presupposition. Philosophy Compass 1 (4):357–372.
Craige Roberts, Mandy Simons & Judith Tonhauser, Presupposition, Conventional Implicature, and Beyond: A Unified Account of Projection.
Arnold Koslow (2007). Structuralist Logic: Implications, Inferences, and Consequences. [REVIEW] Logica Universalis 1 (1):167-181.
Michela Ippolito (2006). Semantic Composition and Presupposition Projection in Subjunctive Conditionals. Linguistics and Philosophy 29 (6):631 - 672.
Michael Jay Polonsky (1998). Incorporating Ethics Into Business Students' Research Projects: A Process Approach. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (11):1227-1241.
Joseph Agassi (1977). The Methodology of Research Projects: A Sketch. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 8 (1):30-38.
Majda Trobok (2008). A Structuralist Account of Logic. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):257-265.
Claudio Pizzi & Timothy Williamson (1997). Strong Boethius' Thesis and Consequential Implication. Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (5):569-588.
Sergio Tenenbaum & Diana Raffman (2012). Vague Projects and the Puzzle of the Self-Torturer. Ethics 123 (1):86-112.
Jonathan M. Weinberg, Shaun Nichols & Stephen Stich (2001). Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions. Philosophical Topics, 29 (1-2):429-460.
Carl Erik Kühl (2008). Kinesis and Energeia—and What Follows. Outline of a Typology of Human Actions. Axiomathes 18 (3):303-338.
Added to index2010-11-20
Total downloads11 ( #157,060 of 1,679,308 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #60,347 of 1,679,308 )
How can I increase my downloads?