Analytic Philosophy 53 (2):158-179 (2012)
|Abstract||Many philosophers argue that the face-value of moral practice provides presumptive support to moral realism. This paper analyses such arguments into three steps. (1) Moral practice has a certain face-value, (2) only realism can vindicate this face value, and (3) the face-value needs vindicating. Two potential problems with such arguments are discussed. The first is taking the relevant face-value to involve explicitly realist commitments; the second is underestimating the power of non-realist strategies to vindicate that face-value. Case studies of each of these errors are presented, drawn from the writings of Shafer-Landau, Brink and McNaughton, and from recent work in experimental metaethics. The paper then considers weak presumptive arguments, according to which both realist and non-realist vindications of moral practice are possible, but the realist vindications are more natural. It is argued that there is no sense of ‘natural’ available that can make these arguments work. The conclusion is that all extant presumptive arguments for moral realism fail.|
|Keywords||Metaethics Moral Realism Saving the Appearances Presumptive Arguments|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
David Enoch (2009). How is Moral Disagreement a Problem for Realism? Journal of Ethics 13 (1):15 - 50.
Caj Strandberg (2004). Moral Reality. A Defence of Moral Realism. Lund University.
Christian Miller (2006). Shafer-Landau and Moral Realism. Social Theory and Practice 32 (2):311-331.
Jamin Asay (2013). Truthmaking, Metaethics, and Creeping Minimalism. Philosophical Studies 163 (1):213-232.
Sergio Tenenbaum (2003). Quasi-Realism's Problem of Autonomous Effects. Philosophical Quarterly 53 (212):392–409.
Russ Shafer-Landau (2003/2005). Moral Realism: A Defence. Oxford University Press.
Russ Shafer-Landau (2007). Moral and Theological Realism: The Explanatory Argument. Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (3):311-329.
Elizabeth Tropman (2012). Can Cornell Moral Realism Adequately Account for Moral Knowledge? Theoria 78 (1):26-46.
John Mizzoni (2003). Environ-Moral Realism. Journal of Philosophical Research 28:191-221.
Michael Devitt (2002). Moral Realism. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):1-15.
Mark van Roojen (2005). Rationalist Realism and Constructivist Accounts of Morality. Philosophical Studies 126 (2):285-295.
Guy Kahane (2013). Must Metaethical Realism Make a Semantic Claim? Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (2):148-178.
Christian Miller (2009). The Conditions of Moral Realism. Journal of Philosophical Research 34:123-155.
Boran Berčić (2006). Devitt on Moral Realism. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):63-68.
Added to index2012-06-12
Total downloads45 ( #28,909 of 722,813 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #36,644 of 722,813 )
How can I increase my downloads?