David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Bioethics 24 (6):273-283 (2009)
It is by now no secret that some scientific articles are ghost authored – that is, written by someone other than the person whose name appears at the top of the article. Ghost authorship, however, is only one sort of ghosting. In this article, we present evidence that pharmaceutical companies engage in the ghost management of the scientific literature, by controlling or shaping several crucial steps in the research, writing, and publication of scientific articles. Ghost management allows the pharmaceutical industry to shape the literature in ways that serve its interests. This article aims to reinforce and expand publication ethics as an important area of concern for bioethics. Since ghost-managed research is primarily undertaken in the interests of marketing, large quantities of medical research violate not just publication norms but also research ethics. Much of this research involves human subjects, and yet is performed not primarily to increase knowledge for broad human benefit, but to disseminate results in the service of profits. Those who sponsor, manage, conduct, and publish such research therefore behave unethically, since they put patients at risk without justification. This leads us to a strong conclusion: if medical journals want to ensure that the research they publish is ethically sound, they should not publish articles that are commercially sponsored.
|Keywords||publication ethics sponsorship bias research ethics ghost management|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Rebecca Kukla (2012). “Author TBD”: Radical Collaboration in Contemporary Biomedical Research. Philosophy of Science 79 (5):845-858.
Bart Penders & Annemiek P. Nelis (2011). Credibility Engineering in the Food Industry: Linking Science, Regulation, and Marketing in a Corporate Context. Science in Context 24 (4):487-515.
Similar books and articles
Carla Angelski, Conrad Fernandez, Charles Weijer & Jun Gao (2012). The Publication of Ethically Uncertain Research: Attitudes and Practices of Journal Editors. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):4-.
Francis Macrina (2011). Teaching Authorship and Publication Practices in the Biomedical and Life Sciences. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):341-354.
Hanna Pickard & Steve Pearce (2010). Finding the Will to Recover: Philosophical Perspectives on Agency and the Sick Role. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (12):2010-035865.
David Shaw (2011). The Authorless Paper: The ICMJE’s Definition of Authorship is Illogical and Unethical. British Medical Journal 343 (7831):999.
David Shaw (2011). The Ethics Committee as Ghost Author. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):706-706.
Adil E. Shamoo (2009). Responsible Conduct of Research. Oxford University Press.
Marcus M. Reidenberg (2002). Conflict of Interest and Medical Publication. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):455-457.
Added to index2009-02-17
Total downloads43 ( #48,112 of 1,692,502 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #108,508 of 1,692,502 )
How can I increase my downloads?