David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):167 - 183 (2009)
This study provides a comparison of the ethical perceptions of managers and non-managers, including professionals, teachers, sales persons and clerks, as well as technical and plant workers. Data of working individuals were collected in Hong Kong in the form of questionnaires which contain vignettes of questionable ethical issues. Factor analysis was used to identify the major ethical dimensions which were then used as the basis of comparison. Regression analyses were used to study the effect of various variables on ethical perceptions in terms of the identified dimensions. Our study reviews that managers tend to possess deontological views that are more ethical than that found in other occupations. The gap between managers and professionals in perceiving unethical behavior is narrower compared to that between the former and individuals in other occupations. The acceptability of unethical behavior tends to decline with income. Besides, there are indications that people working in non-profit organizations tend to have higher ethical standards. Based on our results, recommendations are made to improve the ethical culture of organizations.
|Keywords||deontological views ethical perceptions income managers nature of organizations non-managers professionals|
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References found in this work BETA
Linda Klebe Treviño (2010). Managing Business Ethics: Straight Talk About How to Do It Right. Wiley.
Stephen J. Conroy & Tisha L. N. Emerson (2004). Business Ethics and Religion: Religiosity as a Predictor of Ethical Awareness Among Students. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 50 (4):383-396.
Scott J. Vitell, Joseph G. P. Paolillo & Jatinder J. Singh (2006). The Role of Money and Religiosity in Determining Consumers' Ethical Beliefs. Journal of Business Ethics 64 (2):117 - 124.
Thomas Li-Ping Tang & Randy K. Chiu (2003). Income, Money Ethic, Pay Satisfaction, Commitment, and Unethical Behavior: Is the Love of Money the Root of Evil for Hong Kong Employees? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 46 (1):13 - 30.
P. Maria Joseph Christie, Ik-Whan G. Kwon, Philipp A. Stoeberl & Raymond Baumhart (2003). A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Ethical Attitudes of Business Managers: India Korea and the United States. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 46 (3):263 - 287.
Citations of this work BETA
Dilek Zamantili Nayir & Christian Herzig (2012). Value Orientations as Determinants of Preference for External and Anonymous Whistleblowing. Journal of Business Ethics 107 (2):197-213.
Chung-wen Chen (2013). Are Workers More Likely to Be Deviant Than Managers? A Cross-National Analysis. Journal of Business Ethics 123 (2):1-13.
Cristina Wildermuth, Carlos A. De Mello E. Souza & Timothy Kozitza (forthcoming). Circles of Ethics: The Impact of Proximity on Moral Reasoning. Journal of Business Ethics.
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