David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethics and the Environment 11 (1):71-96 (2006)
: Holmes Rolston III has argued that in some situations where the needs of starving people come into conflict with the protection of natural values, "we" ought to prioritize the latter. Focusing on the threat to pristine ecosystems and endangered species posed by overpopulation in developing countries, Rolston advocates the exclusion of human settlement and activity from the most fragile and valuable wild areas—a strategy sometimes termed "fortress conservation." This approach suffers from at least three serious faults. First, fortress conservation is regarded as an illegitimate imposition by many of the local people on whose cooperation the success of conservation initiatives depends, often leading to failure in terms of conservation objectives. Second, the assumption that conservation and the satisfaction of basic human needs are largely incompatible ignores evidence of widespread environmentally sustainable patterns of resource use. Finally, Rolston's appeal to "us," referring variously to concerned North Americans and to humanity as a whole, implicitly universalizes the preservationist value system of a Northern minority while excluding the values and voices of the people directly affected by the proposed conservation measures
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Paul W. Taylor (2011). Respect for Nature: A Theory of Environmental Ethics. Princeton University Press.
J. Baird Callicott (1999). Beyond the Land Ethic: More Essays in Environmental Philosophy. State University of New York Press.
Andrew Light (2002). Contemporary Environmental Ethics From Metaethics to Public Philosophy. Metaphilosophy 33 (4):426-449.
Ramachandra Guha (1989). Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Perservation: A Third World Critique. Environmental Ethics 11 (1):71-83.
Citations of this work BETA
Joshua A. Dolezal (2008). Literary Activism, Social Justice, and the Future of Bioregionalism. Ethics and the Environment 13 (1):pp. 1-22.
Similar books and articles
Carol Booth (2009). A Motivational Turn for Environmental Ethics. Ethics and the Environment 14 (1):pp. 53-78.
Sungho Choi (2003). The Conserved Quantity Theory of Causation and Closed Systems. Philosophy of Science 70 (3):510-530.
Freya Mathews (1988). Conservation and Self-Realization: A Deep Ecology Perspective. Environmental Ethics 10 (4):347-355.
John Hintz (2007). Some Political Problems for Rewilding Nature. Ethics, Place and Environment 10 (2):177 – 216.
Rolston (1985). The Fallacy of Wildlife Conservation. Environmental Ethics 7 (2):177-180.
Carmen Curtayne, Conservation Discourses Related to Natural Resource Use : Local Communities and Kruger National Park Conservation Officers Mpumalanga Province, South Africa.
Lynn Meskell & Lynette Sibongile Masuku Van Damme (2009). Producing Conservation and Community in South Africa. Ethics, Place and Environment 12 (1):69-89.
Iii Holmes Rolston (1985). The Fallacy of Wildlife Conservation. Environmental Ethics 7 (2):177-180.
Jay Odenbaugh (2003). Values, Advocacy and Conservation Biology. Environmental Values 12 (1):55 - 69.
Alan Carter (2004). Saving Nature and Feeding People. Environmental Ethics 26 (4):339-360.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads38 ( #87,235 of 1,727,288 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #118,705 of 1,727,288 )
How can I increase my downloads?