Autonomy-based arguments against physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia: a critique [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):225-230 (2013)
Respect for autonomy is typically considered a key reason for allowing physician assisted suicide and euthanasia. However, several recent papers have claimed this to be grounded in a misconception of the normative relevance of autonomy. It has been argued that autonomy is properly conceived of as a value, and that this makes assisted suicide as well as euthanasia wrong, since they destroy the autonomy of the patient. This paper evaluates this line of reasoning by investigating the conception of valuable autonomy. Starting off from the current debate in end-of-life care, two different interpretations of how autonomy is valuable is discussed. According to one interpretation, autonomy is a personal prudential value, which may provide a reason why euthanasia and assisted suicide might be against a patient’s best interests. According to a second interpretation, inspired by Kantian ethics, being autonomous is unconditionally valuable, which may imply a duty to preserve autonomy. We argue that both lines of reasoning have limitations when it comes to situations relevant for end-of life care. It is concluded that neither way of reasoning can be used to show that assisted suicide or euthanasia always is impermissible
|Keywords||Autonomy Bioethics Assisted suicide Euthanasia Palliative care Palliative sedation Paternalism Ethical theory|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Andrew Sneddon (2006). Equality, Justice, and Paternalism: Recentreing Debate About Physician-Assisted Suicide. Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (4):387–404.
Craig Paterson (2009). A History of Ideas Concerning the Morality of Suicide, Assisted Suicide and Voluntary Euthanasia. In Rajitha Tadikonda (ed.), Physician Assisted Euthanasia. Icfai University Press.
Jukka Varelius (2013). Voluntary Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide, and the Right to Do Wrong. HEC Forum 25 (3):1-15.
Jukka Varelius (2012). Ending Life, Morality, and Meaning. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):559-574.
Lo Ping-cheung (2010). Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide From Confucian Moral Perspectives. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (1):53-77.
Bert Gordijn & Rien Janssens (2001). New Developments in Dutch Legislation Concerning Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):299 – 309.
Perry A. Pugno (2004). One Physician's Perspective: Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 12 (3):215-223.
Kerri Anne Brussen (2010). Physician Assisted Suicide in the United States of America. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 16 (2):3.
Tal Bergman Levy, Shlomi Azar, Ronen Huberfeld, Andrew M. Siegel & Rael D. Strous (2013). Attitudes Towards Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: A Comparison Between Psychiatrists and Other Physicians. Bioethics 27 (7):402-408.
Mary Warnock (2008). Easeful Death: Is There a Case for Assisted Dying? Oxford University Press.
Cees M. P. M. Hertogh, Marike E. de Boer, Rose-Marie Dröes & Jan A. Eefsting (2007). Would We Rather Lose Our Life Than Lose Our Self? Lessons From the Dutch Debate on Euthanasia for Patients with Dementia. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):48 – 56.
Reed Richter (1988). The Hastings Center and Euthanasia. The Euthanasia Review 3 (1):56-72.
Added to index2011-12-08
Total downloads36 ( #40,450 of 1,089,047 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #12,167 of 1,089,047 )
How can I increase my downloads?