David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 94 (2):177 - 191 (2010)
This article advances the idea that shareholders who seek to influence corporate behaviour can be understood analytically as norm entrepreneurs. These are actors who seek to persuade others to adopt a new standard of appropriateness. The article thus goes beyond studies which focus on the influence of shareholder activism on single instances of corporate conduct, as it recognises shareholders' potential as change agents for more widely shared norms about corporate responsibilities. The article includes the empirical example of US internet technology companies who, in their Chinese operations, face conflicts of norm systems in regard to freedom of expression on the internet. Shareholders have been active in seeking to persuade these companies to adopt a norm of adhering to global standards for human rights over restrictions implied by authoritarian regimes to which they deliver services
|Keywords||corporate social responsibility CSR freedom of expression human rights norm entrepreneur shareholder activism SRI|
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References found in this work BETA
Archie B. Carroll (1999). Corporate Social Responsibility Evolution of a Definitional Construct. Business and Society 38 (3):268-295.
Marcel van Marrewijk (2003). Concepts and Definitions of CSR and Corporate Sustainability: Between Agency and Communion. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 44 (2-3):95-105.
Russell Sparkes & Christopher J. Cowton (2004). The Maturing of Socially Responsible Investment: A Review of the Developing Link with Corporate Social Responsibility. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 52 (1):45-57.
Gary Elijah Dann & Neil Haddow (2008). Just Doing Business or Doing Just Business: Google, Microsoft, Yahoo! And the Business of Censoring China's Internet. Journal of Business Ethics 79 (3):219 - 234.
Samuel B. Graves, Sandra Waddock & Kathleen Rehbein (2001). Fad and Fashion in Shareholder Activism: The Landscape of Shareholder Resolutions, 1988–1998. Business and Society Review 106 (4):293-314.
Citations of this work BETA
Céline Louche, Daniel Arenas & Katinka C. van Cranenburgh (2012). From Preaching to Investing: Attitudes of Religious Organisations Towards Responsible Investment. Journal of Business Ethics 110 (3):301-320.
Jennifer Goodman, Céline Louche, Katinka C. Van Cranenburgh & Daniel Arenas (2013). Social Shareholder Engagement: The Dynamics of Voice and Exit. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 125 (2):1-18.
Céline Louche, Daniel Arenas & Katinka C. Cranenburgh (2012). From Preaching to Investing: Attitudes of Religious Organisations Towards Responsible Investment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (3):301-320.
Sandra Waddock & Erica Steckler (forthcoming). Visionaries and Wayfinders: Deliberate and Emergent Pathways to Vision in Social Entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Ethics.
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