David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Metaphilosophy 37 (1):74-91 (2006)
This article challenges the neo-Darwinist physicalist position assumed by currently prevalent naturalizing accounts of consciousness. It suggests instead an evolutionary understanding of cognitive emergence and an acceptance of mental capacity as a phenomenon in its own right, differing qualitatively from, although not independent of, the physical and material world. I argue that if we accept that consciousness is an adaptation enabling survival through immediate individual intuition of the world, we may accept this metaphysics as a given. Methodological focus can then shift to investigating the, as yet untheorized, nature of consciousness itself as capacity/interconnectivity/potential. The article accepts Joseph Margolis's recent advocacy of a pragmatist approach that is "natural but not naturalizable" , that is, an anti-reductionist as opposed to an eliminativist position, but it seeks to develop this position further and to give it new direction
|Keywords||Cognition Consciousness Evolution Materialism Metaphysics Naturalism Margolis, Joseph|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
John Dewey (2008/1958). Experience and Nature. McCutchen Pr.
Richard Rorty (1989). Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity. Cambridge University Press.
Thomas S. Kuhn (1996/2012). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. University of Chicago Press.
R. Rorty (1981). Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton University Press.
Robert Nozick (1993). The Nature of Rationality. Princeton University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John Dewey, Sidney Hook & Ernest Nagel (1945). Are Naturalists Materialists? Journal of Philosophy 42 (September):515-530.
Kevin J. Corcoran (2001). The Trouble with Searle's Biological Naturalism. Erkenntnis 55 (3):307-324.
Andrew Melnyk (2012). Materialism. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews 3 (3):281-292.
Andrew Ward (1980). Materialism and the Unity of Consciousness. Analysis 40 (June):144-46.
D. H. Lund (2000). Materialism and the Subject of Consciousness. Idealistic Studies 30 (1):7-23.
James P. Moreland (1998). Searle's Biological Naturalism and the Argument From Consciousness. Faith and Philosophy 15 (1):68-91.
Donald D. Weiss (1970). Modern Materialism and the Evolution of Self-Consciousness. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 1 (3):38-44.
J. Jordan (2012). After Nature: On Bodies, Consciousness, and Causality. Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (5-6):229-250.
Robert C. Koons (2009). Epistemological Objections to Materialism. In Robert C. Koons & George Bealer (eds.), The Waning of Materialism: New Essays. Oxford University Press 281--306.
Rocco Joseph Gennaro (1991). Does Consciousness Entail Self-Consciousness? Dissertation, Syracuse University
Jan Sleutels (1998). Phenomenal Consciousness: Epiphenomenalism, Naturalism and Perceptual Plasticity. Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 31 (1):21-55.
Daniel D. Hutto (1998). An Ideal Solution to the Problems of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (3):328-43.
George Bealer (1997). Self-Consciousness. Philosophical Review 106 (1):69-117.
Sabat (1999). Consciousness, Emergence and Naturalism. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):139-153.
Robert S. Corrington (2010). Evolution, Religion, and an Ecstatic Naturalism. American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 31 (2):124-135.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads16 ( #167,478 of 1,726,580 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #369,877 of 1,726,580 )
How can I increase my downloads?