David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):429-444 (2008)
This text addresses a problem that is not sufficiently dealt with in most of the recent literature on emotion and feeling. The problem is a general underestimation of the extent to which affective intentionality is essentially bodily. Affective intentionality is the sui generis type of world-directedness that most affective states – most clearly the emotions – display. Many theorists of emotion overlook the extent to which intentional feelings are essentially bodily feelings. The important but quite often overlooked fact is that the bodily feelings in question are not the regularly treated, non-intentional bodily sensations (known from Jamesian accounts of emotion), but rather crucial carriers of world-directed intentionality. Consequently, most theories of human emotions and feelings recently advocated are deficient in terms of phenomenological adequacy. This text tries to make up for this deficit and develops a catalogue of five central features of intentional bodily feelings. In addition, Jesse Prinz’s embodied appraisal theory is criticized as an exemplary case of the misconstrual of the bodily nature of affective experience in naturalistic philosophy of mind.
|Keywords||Emotion Feeling Affective intentionality Experience Body|
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References found in this work BETA
Martha C. Nussbaum (2001). Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions. Cambridge University Press.
Shaun Gallagher (2005). How the Body Shapes the Mind. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Jesse J. Prinz (2004). Gut Reactions: A Perceptual Theory of the Emotions. Oxford University Press.
Peter Goldie (2000/2002). The Emotions: A Philosophical Exploration. Oxford University Press.
Tim Crane (2001). Elements of Mind: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Doris McIlwain & John Sutton (2013). Yoga From the Mat Up: How Words Alight on Bodies. Educational Philosophy and Theory (6):1-19.
Matthew Ratcliffe (2011). Depression, Guilt and Emotional Depth. Inquiry 53 (6):602-626.
Maren Wehrle (2015). Feelings as the Motor of Perception”? The Essential Role of Interest for Intentionality. Husserl Studies 31 (1):45-64.
Albert A. Johnstone (2012). The Deep Bodily Roots of Emotion. Husserl Studies 28 (3):179-200.
J. Slaby & A. StephAn (2008). Affective Intentionality and Self-Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (2):506-513.
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