David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (4):241-255 (2009)
In the early twentieth century, the body was seen as both an ontogenetic and a phylogenetic entity. In the former case, its individual development, it was manifestly changeable, developing from embryo to maturity and thence to a state of decay. But in the latter case, concerning its development as a species, the question was an open one. Was its phylogenetic nature a stationary snapshot of the slow process of evolution, or was this too mutable? Historians have emphasised that the question of acquired inheritance remained open into the twentieth century; this paper explores how various constructions of the individual as a phylogenetic episode—a stage in the race’s evolution—related to representations of the body in the same period.A discussion of the work of the brothers Josef and Karel Čapek offers a contextualised answer to the question of bodily representation. Karel Čapek explored the nature of the ‘average man’ through two different organisms, the robot and the amphibian, epitomes respectively of corporeal permanence and plasticity. Josef Čapek , along with other members of the Group of Plastic Artists, explored visual representations of the body that challenged cubist Bergsonian norms. In so doing, he affirmed what his brother also held: that despite the constrictions imposed by the oppressive political conditions in which the Czechs found themselves, the individual body was a fragile but fluid entity, capable of effecting change upon the future evolution of humankind
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Henri Bergson (2007). Creative Evolution. Palgrave Macmillan.
Henri Bergson (1944). Creative Evolution. New York, the Modern Library.
Wyndham Lewis (1993). Time and Western Man. Black Sparrow Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Glenn Carruthers (2008). Types of Body Representation and the Sense of Embodiment. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1302):1316.
Vicki Kirby (1991). Corporeal Habits: Addressing Essentialism Differently. Hypatia 6 (3):4 - 24.
Adrian John Tetteh Alsmith & Frédérique Vignemont (2012). Embodying the Mind and Representing the Body. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (1):1-13.
J. S. & M. Gary (2008). Plotinus on the Soul's Omnipresence in Body. International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 2 (2):113-127.
Richard Shusterman (2008). Body Consciousness: A Philosophy of Mindfulness and Somaesthetics. Cambridge University Press.
Glenn Carruthers (2009). Is the Body Schema Sufficient for the Sense of Embodiment? An Alternative to de Vignmont's Model. Philosophical Psychology 22 (2):123-142.
Alastair V. Campbell (2009). The Body in Bioethics. Routledge-Cavendish.
Darian Meacham (2007). The Body at the Front. Studia Phaenomenologica 7:353-376.
Susan Leigh Foster (2005). Choreographing Empathy. Topoi 24 (1):81-91.
Jena G. Jolissaint (2007). Sacred Doorways: Tracing the Body in Plato's Timaeus. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (2):333-352.
Helena De Preester & Manos Tsakiris (2009). Body-Extension Versus Body-Incorporation: Is There a Need for a Body-Model? [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):307-319.
M. Tsakiris & A. Fotopoulou (2008). Is My Body the Sum of Online and Offline Body-Representations?☆. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1317-1320.
Charlene Haddock Seigfried (2002). Shedding Skins. Hypatia 17 (4):173-186.
Added to index2010-09-12
Total downloads14 ( #314,369 of 1,941,042 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #103,256 of 1,941,042 )
How can I increase my downloads?