In Robin Le Poidevin (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics. Routledge (2009)
While Darwin is commonly supposed to have demonstrated the inapplicability of the Aristotelian ontology of species to biological science, recent developments, especially in the wake of the Human Genome Project, have given rise to a new golden age of classification in which ontological ideas -- as for example in the Gene Ontology, the Cell Ontology, the Protein Ontology, and so forth -- are once again playing an important role. In regard to species, on the other hand, matters are more complex. We provide a brief overview of recent proposals concerning the ontology of species, dealing with species as sets, classes and as collections, the views of Ernst Meyr, and mereological views.
Keywords biology  species  individuation  Darwin  Gene Ontology  Michael Ghiselin  Ernst Mayr
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