The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 11:123-130 (2007)
|Abstract||This paper will attempt to assess the primary differences between what I take to be the two primary philosophical "traditions" in c o n t e m p o r a r y French philosophy, using Derrida (transcendence) and Deleuze (immanence) as exemplary representatives. The body of the paper will examine the use of these terms in three different areas of philosophy on which Derrida and Deleuze have both written: subjectivity, ontology, and epistemology. (1) In the field of subjectivity, the notion of the subject has been critiqued in two manners, either by appealing either to the transcendence of the other (Levinas, Derrida) or to the immanent jlux of experience itself, in relation to which the Ego itself is trancendent (Deleuze, Foucault, Sartre, James). (2) In the field of ontology, a purely "immanent" ontology would be an ontology in which there is neither a "beyond" or an "otherwise" Being, nor "interruptions" in Being, both of which would require an appeal to a formal element of transcendence (Deleuze). Such a "transcendent" and aporetic structure, which can never appear or be present as such within Being, is what lies at the basis of the project of deconstruction, with its attendant aporias (Derrida). (3) This distinction, finally, finds parallels in Kant's epistemology, for whom the possible experience is conditioned by purely immanent criteria (Deleuze), whereas what goes beyond the limits of possible experience is transcendent (Derrida). Drawing on these three thread of analysis, the paper concludes with an assessment of what is at stake in the ethical differences between the two traditions. The question of "transcendence" is "What mast I do?", which is the question of morality (a duty or obligation that is beyond being, an "ought" beyond the "is"). The question of "immanence" is "What can I do?" (my power or capacity as an existing individual within being). For Levinas and Derrida, ethics precedes ontology because it is derived from an element of transcendence (the Other); for Deleuze, ethics is ontology because it is derived from the immanent relation of beings to Being at the level of their existence (Spinoza)|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Daniel W. Smith (2003). Deleuze and Derrida, Immanence and Transcendence : Two Directions in Recent French Thought. In Paul Patton & John Protevi (eds.), Between Deleuze and Derrida. Continuum.
Kristien Justaert (2007). “Ereignis” (Heidegger) or “La Clameur de l'Être” (Deleuze). Philosophy and Theology 19 (1/2):241-256.
James Williams (2010). Immanence and Transcendence as Inseparable Processes: On the Relevance of Arguments From Whitehead to Deleuze Interpretation. Deleuze Studies 4 (1):94-106.
Jacob Holsinger Sherman (2009). NO WEREWOLVES IN THEOLOGY?: TRANSCENDENCE, IMMANENCE, AND BECOMING-DIVINE IN GILLES DELEUZE. MODERN THEOLOGY 25 (1):1-20.
Kir Kuiken (2005). Deleuze/Derrida: Towards an Almost Imperceptible Difference. Research in Phenomenology 35 (1):290-310.
P. Patton (2003). Concept and Politics in Derrida and Deleuze. Critical Horizons 4 (2):157-175.
Gordon C. F. Bearn (2000). Differentiating Derrida and Deleuze. Continental Philosophy Review 33 (4):441-465.
Matthew S. Linck (2008). Deleuze's Difference. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (4):509 – 532.
Thomas Nail (2008). Expression, Immanence and Constructivism: 'Spinozism' and Gilles Deleuze. Deleuze Studies 2 (2):201-219.
Bettina Bergo (2005). Ontology, Transcendence, and Immanence in Emmanuel Levinas' Philosophy. Research in Phenomenology 35 (1):141-180.
Daniel Colucciello Barber (2009). On Post-Heideggerean Difference: Derrida and Deleuze. Southern Journal of Philosophy 47 (2):113-129.
Jack Reynolds (2004). Derrida and Deleuze on Time and the Future. Borderlands 3 (1):15.
R. Ferrell (2003). Hume Reads Freud: Empiricism as Rhetorical Event. Critical Horizons 4 (2):265-280.
Leonard Lawlor (2003). The Beginnings of Thought : The Fundamental Experience in Derrida and Deleuze. In Paul Patton & John Protevi (eds.), Between Deleuze and Derrida. Continuum.
Added to index2011-12-02
Total downloads18 ( #74,513 of 722,873 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,917 of 722,873 )
How can I increase my downloads?