David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Biomedical Informatics 39 (3):288-298 (2006)
It is only by fixing on agreed meanings of terms in biomedical terminologies that we will be in a position to achieve that accumulation and integration of knowledge that is indispensable to progress at the frontiers of biomedicine. Standardly, the goal of fixing meanings is seen as being realized through the alignment of terms on what are called ‘concepts’. Part I addresses three versions of the concept-based approach – by Cimino, by Wüster, and by Campbell and associates – and surveys some of the problems to which they give rise, all of which have to do with a failure to anchor the terms in terminologies to corresponding referents in reality. Part II outlines a new, realist solution to this anchorage problem, which sees terminology construction as being motivated by the goal of alignment not on concepts but on the universals (kinds, types) in reality and thereby also on the corresponding instances (individuals, tokens). We outline the realist approach, and show how on its basis we can provide a benchmark of correctness for terminologies which will at the same time allow a new type of integration of terminologies and electronic health records. We conclude by outlining ways in which the framework thus defined might be exploited for purposes of diagnostic decision-support.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
H. Nederbragt (2000). The Biomedical Disciplines and the Structure of Biomedical and Clinical Knowledge. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (6):553-566.
Andreas Martin Lisewski (2006). The Concept of Strong and Weak Virtual Reality. Minds and Machines 16 (2):201-219.
Barry Smith, Pierre Grenon & Louis Goldberg (2004). Biodynamic Ontology: Applying BFO in the Biomedical Domain. Studies in Health and Technology Informatics 102:20–38.
Christian Thomas Kohl (2007). Buddhism and Quantum Physics. A Strange Parallelism of Two Concepts of Reality. Contemporary Buddhism 8 (1):69-82.
V. Goudakov (2006). Gumilev and Huntington: Approaches and Terminologies. Diogenes 53 (2):82-90.
Barry Smith & Werner Ceusters (2010). Ontological Realism: A Methodology for Coordinated Evolution of Scientiﬁc Ontologies. Applied Ontology 5 (3):139-188.
Barry Smith (2004). Beyond Concepts: Ontology as Reality Representation. In Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS).
Werner Ceusters, Barry Smith & Louis Goldberg (2005). A Terminological and Ontological Analysis of the NCI Thesaurus. Methods of Information in Medicine 44:498-507.
Anand Kumar & Barry Smith (2004). Biomedical Informatics and Granularity. Comparative and Functional Genomics 5:501-508.
Gary H. Merrill (2010). Ontological Realism: Methodology or Misdirection? Applied Ontology 5 (2):79-108.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads17 ( #99,231 of 1,103,048 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #297,567 of 1,103,048 )
How can I increase my downloads?