David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Topoi 2 (1):73-85 (1983)
The discussions which follow rest on a distinction, first expounded by Husserl, between formal logic and formal ontology. The former concerns itself with (formal) meaning-structures; the latter with formal structures amongst objects and their parts. The paper attempts to show how, when formal ontological considerations are brought into play, contemporary extensionalist theories of part and whole, and above all the mereology of Leniewski, can be generalised to embrace not only relations between concrete objects and object-pieces, but also relations between what we shall call dependent parts or moments. A two-dimensional formal language is canvassed for the resultant ontological theory, a language which owes more to the tradition of Euler, Boole and Venn than to the quantifier-centred languages which have predominated amongst analytic philosophers since the time of Frege and Russell. Analytic philosophical arguments against moments, and against the entire project of a formal ontology, are considered and rejected. The paper concludes with a brief account of some applications of the theory presented.
|Keywords||Boolean algebra characteristica universalis ontology|
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References found in this work BETA
Edmund Husserl (2013). Logische Untersuchungen. Felix Meiner Verlag Gmbh.
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1922/1999). Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Dover Publications.
D. M. Armstrong (1978). Universals and Scientific Realism. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Markku Keinänen (2011). Tropes – The Basic Constituents of Powerful Particulars? Dialectica 65 (3):419-450.
Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith (1986). A Relational Theory of the Act. Topoi 5 (2):115-130.
Barry Smith (1987). The Substance of Brentano's Ontology. Topoi 6 (1):39-49.
Wojciech Krysztofiak (1995). Noemata and Their Formalization. Synthese 105 (1):53 - 86.
Fabrice Correia & Philipp Keller (2004). Introduction. Dialectica 58 (3):275–278.
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