David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Luciano Floridi (ed.), Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information. Blackwell. 155-166 (2003)
Ontology as a branch of philosophy is the science of what is, of the kinds and structures of objects, properties, events, processes and relations in every area of reality. ‘Ontology’ is often used by philosophers as a synonym of ‘metaphysics’ (a label meaning literally: ‘what comes after the Physics’), a term used by early students of Aristotle to refer to what Aristotle himself called ‘first philosophy’. Sometimes ‘ontology’ is used in a broader sense, to refer to the study of what might exist; ‘metaphysics’ is then used for the study of which of the various alternative possible ontologies is in fact true of reality. (Ingarden 1964) The term ‘ontology’ (or ontologia) was coined in 1613, independently, by two philosophers, Rudolf Göckel (Goclenius), in his Lexicon philosophicum and Jacob Lorhard (Lorhardus), in his Theatrum philosophicum. Its first occurrence in English as recorded by the OED appears in Bailey’s dictionary of 1721, which defines ontology as ‘an Account of being in the Abstract’.
|Keywords||Lotze Jacob Lorhard naive physics applied ontology Patrick Hayes|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Thomas Hofweber (2005). A Puzzle About Ontology. Noûs 39 (2):256–283.
Hans-Johann Glock (2002). Does Ontology Exist? Philosophy 77 (2):235-260.
Carrie Figdor (2011). Semantics and Metaphysics in Informatics: Toward an Ontology of Tasks (a Reply to Lenartowicz Et Al. 2010, Towards an Ontology of Cognitive Control). Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):222-226.
Barry Smith (2001). Objects and Their Environments: From Aristotle to Ecological Ontology. In The Life and Motion of Socio-Economic Units. Taylor and Francis.
Kanti Lal Das & Anirban Mukherjee (eds.) (2008). Language and Ontology. Northern Book Centre.
Gary H. Merrill (2011). Ontology, Ontologies, and Science. Topoi (1):71-83.
Pierre Grenon & Barry Smith (2004). SNAP and SPAN: Towards Dynamic Spatial Ontology. Spatial Cognition and Computation 4 (1):69–103.
Chris Brink & Ingrid Rewitzky (2002). Three Dual Ontologies. Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (6):543-568.
James M. Fielding & Dirk Marwede (2012). The Anatomy of the Image: Toward an Applied Onto-Psychiatry. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (4):287-303.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads56 ( #26,622 of 1,096,734 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #73,973 of 1,096,734 )
How can I increase my downloads?